- The *ICLARM Quarterly
22, No. 2 (April - June 1999)
of Tropical Aquaculture Fisheries Professionals
(Aquaculture Section of NTAFP)
importance of fish in the diet and nutrition
of rural households in developing tropical countries,
especially in Asia, is well recognized. Declining
catches from common or open access inland capture
fisheries are resulting in declining intake
of fish by low-income rural households who depend
on these resources for their animal protein
requirements. This is resulting in malnutrition,
especially among children. This issue contains
a paper which brings out the importance of small
indigenous fish as a source of calcium, iron
and Vitamin A and the possibility of culturing
these fish along with other carps.
field fisheries are a major source of fish for
people in many provinces of Cambodia and managers
and development workers should not neglect to
conserve and manage these resources, while promoting
aquaculture and other developmental activities.
Field Fisheries: A Resource for Cambodia
fisheries in and around rice fields in the lowland
areas of Cambodia are greatly underestimated and
undervalued. Their contribution to the protein
requirements of the poor rural households is significant.
In Svay Rieng province, they could provide 65-75%
of the animal protein requirements of these households.
The value could well be around 40% of the value
of rice production. It is, therefore, important
that these natural stocks and the fisheries are
managed well and that developmental activities
explicitly consider their impact on these fisheries.
Guttman is a Program Specialist from the AIT Aqua
Outreach, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O.
Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.
of Mola (Amblypharyngodon mola) in Polyculture
with Carps - Experience from a Field Trial in
Roos, Md. M. Islam, S.H. Thilsted, Md. Ashrafuddin,
Md. Mursheduzzaman, D.M. Mohsin
were carried out during May 1997 to January 1998
in Kishoreganj district in Bangladesh to investigate
the production potential of carp polyculture in
combination with Amblypharyngodon mola
in seasonal ponds. The preliminary results indicate
that A. mola can be successfully cultured
in small seasonal ponds in polyculture with carp.
This practice can result in an increase in the
households consumption of small fish which
have a very high content of calcium, iron and
vitamin A. In addition to the nutritional benefits,
it can also provide additional income through
the sale of carp and surplus small fish.
Roos and S.H. Thilsted are from the Research Department
of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural
University, Denmark while Md. M. Iislam, Md. Aasrafuddin,
Md. M. Mursheduzzaman, D.M. Mohsin and A.B.M.
Shamsuddin are from the Mymensingh Aquaculture
Extension Project, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Studies in Relation to Feeding Responses in the
Marine Shrimps H. Milne Edwards (Penaeus indicus)
and Miers (Metapenaeus dobsonii)
of chemoreception in relation to feeding and other
factors involved showed that feeding behavior
in shrimps can be triggered by chemical stimuli.
However, P. indicus and M. dobsonii
differ significantly in their chemotactic
response to different stimuli.
Fernandez is Assistant Professor at the Department
of Fisheries Farm Management, Fisheries College
and Research Institute, Tuticorin 628008, India.