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Culture of Fish in Rice Fields
ISBN 983-2346-33-9

CONTENTS

Foreword (PDF : 15 KB)
Introduction (PDF : 24 KB)
History (PDF : 26 KB)
The Rice Field Ecosystem
- Types of Riceland Ecosystem
- The Wet Rice Field Ecosystem
(PDF : 212 KB)
   

- Factors affecting fish and other aquatic organisms
- Factors affecting plants
- Rice field fauna
- Impacts of aquatic fauna on the rice field ecosystem
- The rice field as a fish culture system

 

Modification of Rice Fields for Fish Culture
- Increasing Dike (Bund) Height
- Provisions of Weirs or Screens
- Provision of Drains
- Fish Refuges

(PDF : 190 KB)
    - Trenches
- Fish pits or sumps
- Ponds in rice fields
- Rice fields in ponds
- Ponds connected to rice fields
- Fish pen within a rice field
 
Production Systems
- Concurrent Culture
(PDF : 45 KB)
    - Rice and fish
- Rice and fish with livestock
- Rice and crustaceans
- Concurrent but compartmentalized culture
 

- Rotational Culture

 
    - Fish as a second crop
- Crustaceans as a second crop
 

- Alternating Culture System

 
       

Agronomic and Aquaculture Management
- Pre-Stocking Preparation
- Water Needs and Management
- Fertilization
- Rice Varieties
- The Fish Stock

(PDF : 70 KB)
    - Species
- Fry and fingerling supply
- Stocking pattern and density
- Fish nutrition and supplemental feeding
 
       
Rice-Fish Production
- Fish Yields
(PDF : 171 KB)
    - Rice-fish
- Rice-fish-azolla
- Rice and crustacean
- Polyculture
 
- Rice Yields  
       
Pest Management
- Managing Pests with Fish Present
- Management of Rice Field Weeds
- Management of Invertebrates
(PDF : 230 KB)
    - Management of insect pests
- Management of snails
 
- Management of Diseases  
       
Impact of Rice-Fish Culture
- Economics of Production
(PDF : 65 KB)
    - The "bottom line"
- Input analysis
 
- Benefits to Communities  
    - Improved income status of farmers
- Improved nutrition
- Public health
- Social impact
 
- Impact on the Environment  
   

- Biodiversity
- Water resources
- Sustainability

 
- Participation of Women
- Macro-Economic Impact
 
       

Experiences of Various Countries
- East Asia
- SouthEast Asia
- South Asia
- Australia
- Africa, Middle East and West Asia
- Europe
- The Former Soviet Union
- South America and the Caribbean
- The United States

(PDF : 82 KB)
       
Prospects and Program for the Future
- Prospects
- Major Issues and Constraints
- Research and Development Needs
- Institutional Policy and Support Services
(PDF : 38 KB)
    - Mainstreaming rice-fish farming
- Popularization of the concept
- Training and education
- Fingerling supply
- Financing
 
       
Conclusion (PDF : 24 KB)
       
References (PDF : 74 KB)
       

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