High population density, a degraded environment and the effects of climate change in Malawi's Lake Chilwa Basin are causing food insecurity and exerting increased pressure on forests and fisheries, which provide important sources of income and critical safety nets for the poor in times of crises. The Lake Chilwa Basin project is developing a range of climate change adaptation solutions that will enhance the capacity of communities to adopt sustainable livelihood and natural resource management practices. The project focuses on 10 hot spots in the Lake Chilwa Basin and will conduct baseline studies on critical ecological systems, processes and components such as biodiversity, water resources, soil erosion and vegetation.