Extreme poverty and food insecurity are stark facts in the lives of many people living in rural Timor–Leste, where undernutrition affects 45% of children under the age of five. Fish is rich in micronutrients and is an important part of a balanced diet. Huge potential exists to develop aquaculture as a means to provide nutrition and alternate livelihoods in Timor Leste. During this project WorldFish, in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, aims to deliver priority projects identified in the Timor-Leste National Aquaculture Development Strategy Implementation Plan (ADSIP). During an earlier phase of the project, an analysis of potential aquaculture development was conducted. Additionally, capacity building was delivered to the Department of Aquaculture and other relevant institutions and recommendations were made on the policies, regulations and institutional development required for responsible development of aquaculture. Implementation of recommendations will occur during this phase of the project.