The sea cucumber, a member of the sandfish family, has provided a valuable source of income for communities across the Asia-Pacific region for decades. However, in recent years, stocks have plummeted due to overfishing and ecosystem damage. Two WorldFish projects (Sea Ranching and Restocking Sandfish in Asia Pacific, and Culture of Sandfish in Asia-Pacific) funded by the Australian Center for International Agricultural Research Center (ACIAR) are researching ranching, restocking and culturing as means of restoring the sea cucumber industry and protecting the livelihoods of hundreds of coastal communities. The projects’ central goals are to collaborate with local communities, government and national scientific agencies to manage current sea cucumber fisheries more efficiently and to conserve existing stocks.