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Climate Change Adaptation Planning in Timor Leste

Timor Leste is one of six nations within the Coral Triangle (CT), a region located along the equator at the confluence of the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans. Despite an extensive coastline the country has made scarce use of its living marine resources, and annual fish consumption is less than 4 kg per head (compared to a global average of 17 kg per head). Neglect of the marine economy and ineffective governance are sapping the potential of a sector that could contribute significantly to the national economy and the health and welfare of the population.
 

Assessing the impact of dam development options on fish migrations and best alternative options in the Mekong Basin

The Mekong River ranks second in freshwater fish species richness among rivers in the world, with more than 780 species identified. More than 100 of these fish species are long-distance migrants, often travelling over hundreds of kilometers. This basin is also home to the most intensive inland fishery in the world, producing 2.1 million tonnes of fish a year (equivalent to more than three times the total annual inland fish production of West Africa).
 

Climate Change Adaptation in the Lower Mekong Basin

Climate change in the Lower Mekong Basin is expected to result in an increase in the frequency and severity of droughts, floods and saltwater intrusion. Such changes are expected to affect natural ecosystems, agriculture and food production, and also exacerbate the problems associated with supplying the region’s increased demand for food. The impacts of such changes are likely to be particularly severe on Lower Mekong Basin communities, given their strong reliance on natural resources for their livelihoods.

Aquaculture helping to improve health and nutrition in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has made important human development gains in recent years, reflected by reductions in poverty, mortality of children under five, and chronic malnutrition. These gains have been achieved in spite of frequent natural disasters, volatile food/fuel prices, and the effects of climate change. However, the prevalence of underweight children in the country (41%) is still the highest in the world. Chronic poverty is evident, particularly in rural areas, where many families are unable to meet their food needs. Transitory food insecurity is serious in those coastal and riverside areas affected by natural disasters.

Development of sea cucumber production in the Asia-Pacific Region

Sea cucumbers like the sandfish species (Holothuria scabra) are a traditional commodity used for dietary and medicinal purposes in China and elsewhere in Asia. For many years, their harvest has supported livelihoods in coastal communities throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Yet their ease of capture, biological vulnerability, and expanding consumer base in middle-income China has led to precipitous declines in wild stocks. For example, in the Philippines, annual catches are now less than 30% of those enjoyed 25 years ago.

Balancing conservation of wetlands and sustainability of local livelihoods

The Stung Treng Ramsar Site in Cambodia is arguably the most important wetland complex for biodiversity in the Mekong River Basin. Placed onto the List of Wetlands of International Importance (also called ‘Ramsar Sites’) in 1999, this section of the Mekong is home to a unique riparian forest that provides key habitat and food sources for a wide range of mammals, birds and fish. Yet despite this richness of biodiversity, there is widespread poverty and endemic food insecurity in the area.

Adding fish to the mix: Diversifying agriculture for improved productivity

Bangladesh is a densely populated country facing increasing food security issues. Although the country has shown remarkable growth in agricultural production over the past 30 years, it has not yet achieved self-sufficiency in food production and is a net importer of rice (occasionally) and of maize and wheat (frequently). “The dietary intake of both children and adults is severely deficient in key vitamins and minerals.

Diversifying livelihoods through aquaculture in Timor Leste

Rural livelihoods in Timor Leste are essentially subsistence or semi-subsistence, and largely depend on crop farming and raising livestock. A carbohydrate-based diet (maize, rice, cassava, taro, sweet potato and vegetables) provides the major source of calories; meat or fish (animal protein) is only eaten on special occasions as these are expensive food items and fish is not readily available in rural areas far from the coast. Nearly half of the population lives in extreme poverty and food insecurity. The proportion of underweight children under the age of five has been estimated at 45% by the World Food Program in 2010.

Building Partnerships for Poverty Alleviation

WorldFish is working with partners in the Mekong Region to support a new alliance of regional and local partners that will contribute towards sustainable wetlands management that benefit the poor. This project supports the Wetlands Alliance, an extensive network of organizations—government, civil and NGOs—actively engaged in developing innovative solutions to poverty alleviation.
 

Sri Lanka’s Inland Fisheries And Aquaculture

As the major source of protein in Sri Lanka, fish plays a vital role in meeting the population's basic nutritional and livelihood needs. However, the country's extensive freshwater and brackish water resources, which are potentially a rich source of food and income for rural populations, are currently underexploited. Indeed, statistics show that only 12% of the country's fish production came from inland fisheries and aquaculture in 2000.

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