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10 most read WorldFish publications in 2012

Aquaculture, Fisheries, Poverty and Food Security
Allison, E.H. 2011.
Fisheries and aquaculture play important roles in providing food and income in many developing countries, either as a stand-alone activity or in association with crop agriculture and livestock rearing. The aim of this paper is to identify how these contributions of fisheries and aquaculture to poverty reduction and food security can be enhanced while also addressing the need for a sustainability transition in over-exploited and over-capitalized capture fisheries, and for improved environmental performance and distributive justice in a rapidly growing aquaculture sector.

Stephen J. Hall, Anne Delaporte, Michael J. Phillips, Malcolm Beveridge, Mark O’Keefe.
Understanding and quantifying the environmental impacts of aquaculture is essential for sound decision making. Using information about environmental impact, policy-makers can establish evidence-based and fair environmental regulations. Fish farmers can understand and comply with environmental regulations while implementing good management practices.

Factsheet: Aquatic Agricultural Systems in Zambia
Zambia contains 40% of Southern Africa’s surface freshwater and seasonally almost 20% of the country (150,000 km²) is inundated. Zambia’s rivers, lakes and wetlands support extensive agriculture, fisheries and livestock production, and contribute to the livelihoods of about 3 million people, almost 25% of the country’s population.

Review of Aquaculture and Fish Consumption in Bangladesh
Belton, B.; Karim, M.; Thilsted, S.; Murshed-E-Jahan, K.; Collis, W.; Phillips, M.
Fish play a crucial role in the Bangladeshi diet, providing more than 60% of animal source food, representing a crucial source of micro-nutrients, and possessing an extremely strong cultural attachment. Fish (including shrimp and prawn) is the second most valuable agricultural crop, and its production contributes to the livelihoods and employment of millions. The culture and consumption of fish therefore has important implications for national food and nutrition security, poverty and growth.

CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems - Program Proposal
In July 2011, the Fund Council approved the proposal as one of the portfolio of CGIAR Research Programs to be implemented under the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework. Implementation of the Program began in the third quarter of 2011 under the leadership of WorldFish, and with the participation of Bioversity, IWMI and a wide range of partners.

Value chain analysis for sea cucumber in the Philippines
E.O. Brown, M.L. Perez, L.R. Garces, R.J. Ragaza, R.A. Bassig and E.C. Zaragoza
This study examined the sea cucumber industry in the Philippines through the value chain lens. The intent was to identify effective pathways for the successful introduction of sandfish culture as livelihood support for coastal communities.

Gordon, A., Pulis, A. and Owusu-Adjei, E.
The value chain analysis focused on smoked marine fish - overwhelmingly the most important fish product originating in Western Region. Smoked fish from Western Region is mainly destined for the domestic market where demand is very strong. Small quantities of smoked fish are destined for markets in Togo, Benin and Nigeria.

Renn, S. and Weirowski, F. 2011. These guidelines provide general advice on potential benefits and implications of promoting aquaculture in refugee settlements and local host communities, specifically in Africa. In particular, they seek to highlight issues critical for translating aquaculture support in refugee situations into sustainable benefits for target populations. Aquaculture can help improve food and nutrition security and contribute to household incomes among refugees and neighbouring communities in sites with viable supplies of inputs (seed and feed) and service provisioning (training and technical extension).

Timmers, B.
Fish are a significant source of income and food security in Uganda, highly vulnerable to climate and non-climate related drivers of change. This study examines the vulnerability of the fish sector in Uganda as it relates to the predicted impacts from climate change and variability, using the concept of the value chain. The specific purpose of the study was to identify current and potential impact pathways of climate change and corresponding adaptation strategies in fish value chains. By considering the value chains related to fisheries (Nile Perch and mukene) and pond aquaculture (Nile tilapia and African catfish) in Uganda, this report is able to present context- and sector-specific adaptation strategies for products contributing to domestic food security, livelihoods and national economic development.

Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) are amongst the nations most vulnerable to climate change. Growing populations, combined with climate change and over fishing on inshore reef fisheries, will compound food security problems arising from an increasing gap between fish demand and supply.