Small-fish aquaculture feeds poor consumers and business growth
Several features of the”Pangasius” story are worth emphasizing.
First, catfish farming in Vietnam has consolidated; a handful of large, vertically integrated farms now dominate production and smaller operators like Tran van Tach, mentioned in the story, have been squeezed out. One interesting question is whether alternative models for sustaining production for export through co-operative or contract farming by smaller enterprises would have greater overall economic benefits and be more equitably distributed. This is an important question, not just for Vietnam, but for many other developing countries where aquaculture is growing through small and medium enterprises.