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Study says Coral Triangle must secure food for the future

Biodiversity loss and food insecurity are two of the greatest challenges of the 21st century.
The Asia-Pacific's Coral Triangle is defined by its extremely high marine biodiversity, with over one hundred million people living in its coastal zones who use this biodiversity to support their livelihoods.
Biodiversity and its values to society are threatened by demographic and habitat change, rising demand, intensive harvesting and climate change.
In partnership with international conservation organizations and development funders, the governments of the region′s six countries have come together to develop the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security.
A paper titled Food security and the Coral Triangle Initiative recently published in Marine Policy, suggests that the CTI needs to increase its focus on the food security of the region′s marine-resource dependent people.
It outlines the complex pathways linking marine biodiversity with food security and argues that improved social science analysis, inter-sectoral policy and management interactions are necessary if conserving marine biodiversity is to contribute towards meeting food security challenges in the region.
The study also reviews the role of fisheries in food security in the Coral Triangle, and emphasizes the key challenges and drivers of change, which are trade, urbanisation, population growth and geographical differences.
Photo: USAID helps communities and government build climate change resilience in Timor-Leste. Photo Courtesy USAID Timor-Leste.