Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific. 5. Social network analysis

This brochure is part of a series that collectively detail how a community-based assessment of climate change was used in partnership with coastal communities and provincial and national-level stakeholders in Timor-Leste and Solomon Islands. The assessment contains four distinct, but related, steps focused on supporting community-level decision-making for adaptation through a series of participatory action research activities. Each brochure in this series details a specific activity in the four-step assessment.

Women and fish-for-sex: transactional sex, HIV/AIDS and gender in African fisheries

This paper analyzes the phenomenon of fish-for-sex in small-scale fisheries and discusses its apparent links to HIV/AIDS and transactional sex practices. The research reveals that fish-for-sex is not an anecdotal phenomenon but a practice increasingly reported in many different developing countries, with the largest number of cases observed in Sub-Saharan African inland fisheries. An overview of the main narratives that attempt to explain the occurrence of FFS practices is presented, along with other discourses and preconceptions, and their limits discussed.

Wetlands management in Vietnam's Mekong Delta: an overview of the pressures and responses

This paper introduces the characteristics of the Delta and outlines the pressures that are impinging on the sustainability of the Delta's wetlands. Although these pressures are non-linear and interacting, three are considered prominent. These pressures stem largely from rice production and the associated large scale water control infrastructures, shrimp aquaculture, and the inadequacy of the current institutional arrangements. Responses to these pressures are discussed noting the diverse interventions made in the past and the present.

Waste management in the coastal areas of the ASEAN region: roles of governments, banking institutions, donor agencies, private sector and communities.

This conference aimed to assess the severity of environmental threats of waste disposal to the ASEAN region's coastal zone; demonstrate technologies in waste management; explore ways in which international banking institutions and donor agencies could assist in waste management: and solicit the commitment of ASEAN political leadership in the effective enforcement of waste management schemes. The highlights of the conference were the adoption of the Singapore Resolution on Waste Management in the Coastal Areas of the ASEAN Region.

The vulnerability of reproductively active squaretail coralgrouper (Plectropomus areolatus) to fishing

Squaretail coralgrouper (Plectropomus areolatus) were captured and tagged at a fish spawning aggregation (FSA) site with conventional and acoustic tags to assess their vulnerability to f ishing and spatial dynamics during reproductive periods. Males outnumbered females in catch and, on average, were larger than females. Findings revealed a high vulnerability to fishing, particularly during reproductive periods, and most fish were recaptured within the 5-month spawning season and within 10-12 km of the aggregation site.

A viability analysis for a bio-economic model

This paper presents a simple dynamic model dealing with the management of a marine renewable resource. But instead of studying the ecological and economic interactions in terms of equilibrium or optimal control, we pay much attention to the viability of the system or, in a symmetric way, to crisis situations. These viability:crisis situations are defined by a set of economic and biological state constraints. The analytical study focuses on the compatibility between the state constraints and the controlled dynamics.

Variable number of tandem repeats in the mitochondrial DNA of Dascyllus trimaculatus.

The primary structure of the Dascyllus trimaculatus mitochondrial (mt) control region was determined, and conserved features were identified based on sequence comparisons to other teleostean fish species. Three termination-associated sequence (TAS) motifs, a central conserved sequence block (CSB), and a pyrimidine tract were identified, indicating that the organization of the mt control region in D. trimaculatus is similar to those reported for other teleosts.

User's manual for the fish population dynamics plug-in module for HPC41CV calculators.

The mode of operation and contents of a custom-made plug-in memory device for Hewlett-Packard HP41CV calculators (or HP41C with Quad Memory Module) are briefly presented. The module contains 15 of the 30 programs for fish stock assessment documented in the manual by Vakily, J.M., M.L Palomares and D. Pauly. 1986. Computer programs for stock assessments: applications for the HP41 CV calculator. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 101, Suppl.


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