Projects in Asia

Giving Bangladesh’s Shrimp Sector a Competitive Edge The aquaculture industry is an important driver for the economic growth of Bangladesh. It generates more than US$500 million in export sales each year and employs more than 1 million people. Nonetheless, there are still significant opportunities to help the industry maximize its growth. For example, the shrimp sector in the country is unable to achieve its full potential due to poor quality shrimp and low yields that have created a gap between the demand for and supply of shrimp to local processing factories.
Sea cucumber, Vietnam
Development of sea cucumber production in the Asia-Pacific Region Sea cucumbers like the sandfish species (Holothuria scabra) are a traditional commodity used for dietary and medicinal purposes in China and elsewhere in Asia. For many years, their harvest has supported livelihoods in coastal communities throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Yet their ease of capture, biological vulnerability, and expanding consumer base in middle-income China has led to precipitous declines in wild stocks. For example, in the Philippines, annual catches are now less than 30% of those enjoyed 25 years ago.
Seed distribution under IPAC AIG program in Sylhet Cluster
Conserving Natural Resources and Improving Livelihoods through Collaborative Management Bangladesh is currently experiencing a steady loss of biodiversity in its protected areas: national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, game reserves, wetland and fishery sanctuaries, and ecologically critical areas. Despite this situation, people living in and around these ecosystems continue to extract and use the shrinking resources, mainly because they have few alternatives
Balancing conservation of wetlands and sustainability of local livelihoods The Stung Treng Ramsar Site in Cambodia is arguably the most important wetland complex for biodiversity in the Mekong River Basin. Placed onto the List of Wetlands of International Importance (also called ‘Ramsar Sites’) in 1999, this section of the Mekong is home to a unique riparian forest that provides key habitat and food sources for a wide range of mammals, birds and fish. Yet despite this richness of biodiversity, there is widespread poverty and endemic food insecurity in the area.
Adding fish to the mix: Diversifying agriculture for improved productivity Bangladesh is a densely populated country facing increasing food security issues. Although the country has shown remarkable growth in agricultural production over the past 30 years, it has not yet achieved self-sufficiency in food production and is a net importer of rice (occasionally) and of maize and wheat (frequently). “The dietary intake of both children and adults is severely deficient in key vitamins and minerals.
Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal Communities Coastal and marine ecosystems are vital to Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam, as each of these countries depend on fish and other marine products to fuel their economy and feed their people. However, the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, storm surges and typhoons, mean that these coastal ecosystems and the communities who depend on them are more at risk than ever before. Indeed, it is now necessary for these countries to increase the resiliency of coastal communities to such impacts.  
Diversifying livelihoods through aquaculture in Timor Leste Rural livelihoods in Timor Leste are essentially subsistence or semi-subsistence, and largely depend on crop farming and raising livestock. A carbohydrate-based diet (maize, rice, cassava, taro, sweet potato and vegetables) provides the major source of calories; meat or fish (animal protein) is only eaten on special occasions as these are expensive food items and fish is not readily available in rural areas far from the coast. Nearly half of the population lives in extreme poverty and food insecurity. The proportion of underweight children under the age of five has been estimated at 45% by...
The Value of Water in the Mekong Basin All around the Mekong River Basin, there are indications of rapid change. Limited water resources are being stretched by the growing demand at both reservoir and catchment levels from an increasing number of different users and activities. Hydropower dams are being built on various Mekong tributaries, including those in remote areas of Lao PDR, Cambodia and Vietnam, but the development process does not always take into consideration the full range of costs and benefits to various water users.
Moving Towards an Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management Approach Biomass levels of coastal fish stocks in parts of the Philippines are now only 10-30% of the levels of the late 1940’s. In addition, 25-30% of total catch is lost due to improper handling, inadequate storage and inefficient marketing. This depletion in biomass has been caused by the lack of effective fishing controls, rapid increase in coastal population, insufficient government support for sustainable fisheries resources management programs, deteriorating marine habitats and worsening marine pollution.  
Ridge to Reef Biodiversity Conservation Despite the importance of the Philippines’ coastal zone to the country’s national economy, it has not been sustainably managed and faces key challenges arising from habitat deforestation, inter-tidal reclamation, mangrove destruction, river damming, coral removal, destructive fishing methods, over-fishing, the discharge of land-based pollutants and unregulated logging. Over the last 30 years, 70% of mangroves and 20% of sea grasses have been destroyed, while nearly 90% of coral reefs are under threat. All of these factors have led to reduced productivity, diminished livelihoods, increased...

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