Community-Based Fisheries Management in Haor Basin Contributing to Poverty Eradication in Bangladesh
Fisheries Research Support Project
A.K.M. Firoz Khan
4 Oct 2007
30 Jun 2013
Sunamganj, a district in north-eastern Bangladesh, is characterized by beels, permanent water bodies that are located in the low-lying floodplains of the Haor Basin. To alleviate the poverty of 90,000 fisher people living around these rich ecosystems, the Sunamganj Community-Based Resources Management Project (SCBRMP) has a fisheries component that is helping them to gain better access to the beels and also improve their beel resource development and management skills.
Monitoring catch and measuring the cost
While assisting the fisher people, SCBRMP also has a duty to maintain the conservation and biodiversity of the beels. This is where the WorldFish Center’s Fisheries Research Support Project (FRSP) is playing a role. FRSP looks at the management practices implemented under the fisheries component, calculates their effect on biodiversity, and assesses livelihood impacts in beel user households.
The Fisheries Research Support Project is carrying out regular surveys to provide a clear appreciation of the impact of SCBRMP’s interventions on fish catch (both by volume and value) and biodiversity at 60 different beels. The intent is simulate the maximum sustainable yield level, and the fishing effort and management models necessary to support such an increase, and to then disseminate findings to wider national and international audiences.
WorldFish research will enable SCBRMP and other agencies working with beel resources to adopt improved management approaches and monitoring techniques for future scale up. In addition, Beel User Groups will be able to refine and improve their fishery management techniques to achieve a sustainable balance between maintaining production and sustaining biodiversity.
In the long term, the improved fisheries management approaches will be incorporated into Bangladesh’s current strategic fisheries management plans; local communities will benefit from sustainably managed beels, which will allow them to increase fish consumption and generate higher incomes from fishing; biodiversity in the beels will increase; and the ecosystem will be preserved.