Tonle Sap Lake Fisheries
Fish diversity in the Mekong River Basin is surpassed only by that of the Amazon River. A key element of the Mekong River Basin is the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia. The lake derives 62% of its water from the Mekong River and is the largest lake in Southeast Asia. Covering an area of 250,000-300,000 hectares during the dry season, it increases to between three and four times this size during the wet season. In 1997, the lake was nominated as a ‘Biosphere Reserve’ under UNESCO’s ‘Man and the Biosphere Program’, which aims to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science.
The livelihoods of most of the almost three million Cambodians who live in the provinces adjoining the lake are dependent on this wetland ecosystem. Indeed, the Tonle Sap supplies Cambodia’s population with the majority of its animal protein intake.
Global FISH Alliance (G-FISH)
The Global FISH Alliance (G-FISH) project promotes sustainable fisheries and aquaculture practices through the application of an ecosystem-wide approach that balances economic, environmental, governmental and social components essential to enhancing livelihoods and biodiversity.