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Options for gender analysis related to project interventions

Parts of the analytical matrix or some of the tools can be used for identifying gender-equitable options in designing project interventions in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. These are organized along the five key thematic areas where rigorous gender research is currently lacking within this sector. Three of these fall within the MTPs of WorldFish. Several research topics in which gender analysis can inform the design of gender-sensitive project interventions are identified below.
 
Markets, trade and migration
  1. Negative and positive impacts of globalization on the gender division of labor and returns to labor in fisheries and aquaculture
  2. The location of men and women in fisheries value chains and the potential for upgrading products, processes and functions of value chains for gender-equitable outcomes
  3. Gender differences in migration patterns in fishing communities, opportunities and constraints for women and men, including issues of cross-border trade
Dimensions 1, 2 and 3 of the analytical matrix are most applicable for this type of analysis.

Capabilities and wellbeing
  1. Gender differences in capabilities (education, literacy, health, nutrition) in small-scale fishing and fish farming communities and implications for overall wellbeing
  2. Gender differences in local knowledge and use of natural resources for improving community-based or co-management options in coastal and riverine systems
  3. Gender differences in perceptions of poverty, current well-being and aspirations for change in coastal and floodplain communities

Dimensions 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the analytical matrix are useful for this purpose.



Identity and networks
  1. The extent to which gendered identities constrain or enable livelihood activities in fishing and fish farming
  2. Gender differences in the linkages between identities and networks
  3. The characteristics of gendered networks and opportunities/constraints to move out of poverty and pursue livelihood strategies for wellbeing

Dimensions 3, 4 and 5 of the matrix can be used for this analysis.



Governance and rights
  1. The sensitivity of fisheries governance structures and processes to incorporate the concerns of both women and men
  2. Gender impacts of current land and water tenure regimes and measures to improve access to disadvantaged groups (women, poor, ethnic groups, lower castes)
  3. Gendered differences in perceptions of rights and obligations in governance systems relating to small-scale fisheries and aquaculture

Dimensions 2, 3 and 5 of the analytical matrix can support this analysis.


Climate change and resilience
  1. Gender differences in vulnerability to climate change and variability
  2. Gender differences in adaptation strategies and capacities for responding to climate change
  3. Gendered impacts of market and safety net approaches to climate change adaptation

Dimensions 1, 2, 3 and 5 of the matrix are helpful for this purpose.