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Pacific

Culturing Coral for international aquarium trade.
Culturing coral for the international aquarium trade. Photo by Eran Brokovich

Most Pacific Islanders derive a significant proportion of their sustenance and livelihoods from the sea. Globally, the highest per capita fish consumption is in these islands, but increasingly this critical source of protein is coming under threat from increasing population and reduced ecosystem health. Increasing commercial fishing and other environmental impacts have led to a depletion of fish and shellfish resources meaning many rural and coastal communities are now finding they have insufficient income to meet their basic needs for food, health and education.
 
The Pacific Islands are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of global warming. The coral reefs that are the foundation of their fisheries are vulnerable to degradation. The people, their houses, agricultural land, tourist resorts and infrastructure (including roads and airports) are concentrated in the coastal zones, and are thus especially at risk from rising seas and cyclones.
 
Currently focused on the Solomon Islands in the Western Pacific, WorldFish is working in partnership with communities themselves, national government and local research organizations to assist Pacific Island countries to achieve sustainable management of coastal marine resources; including supplementary livelihood options through participatory adaptive management approaches and through the development of suitable aquaculture techniques.
 
Coral Triangle Initiative
Australian Government Quarterly Newsletter
 

Ongoing Projects in the Pacific

Adaptation Pathways: responding to climate change

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) through its Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) regional technical assistance (RETA) program is providing technical assistance to five Pacific countries. Through one of its programs - "Strengthening coastal and marine resources management in the Coral Triangle of the...

Adding fertiliser to land nursery tank - Aruligo, Solomon Islands
Developing inland aquaculture in Solomon Islands

Like other Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs), Solomon Islands has a great reliance on fish for food and income. In a total population of just over half a million people, some 75% of Solomon Islanders are subsistence-oriented, small-holder farmers and fishers; and fish accounts...

Community-based resource management and climate change vulnerability assessments in Solomon Islands – Coral Triangle Support Partnership

The warm tropical waters of the Coral Triangle may host the richest diversity of marine life on this planet. More than 75% of all recorded coral species and at least 3,000 fish species and can be found here. A diverse mix of habitats including river estuaries, mangrove forests, seagrass beds...

Payments for Mangrove Ecosystem Services

Mangroves are key coastal ecosystems that furnish valuable goods and services including water quality control, nursery habitats and storm protection. Additionally like other forests, mangroves have high rates of primary productivity and sequester (i.e., take up) large amounts of atmospheric...

Improving Food Security with Fish Aggregating Devices

In Solomon Islands, as well as in many other Pacific Island Countries and Territories, fish is a major source of protein, especially for rural and coastal people. However, growing populations combined with the effects of climate change and increased fishing pressure on inshore reef fisheries...

Diversifying livelihoods through aquaculture in Timor Leste

Rural livelihoods in Timor Leste are essentially subsistence or semi-subsistence, and largely depend on crop farming and raising livestock. A carbohydrate-based diet (maize, rice, cassava, taro, sweet potato and vegetables) provides the major source of calories; meat or fish (animal protein) is...

Artificial islands of Lau Lagoon
Community-Based Fisheries Strategies to Help Vulnerable Island Communities

More than 70% of Solomon Islanders derive their livelihood from subsistence fishing and agriculture. However, the well-being of these people, one third of whom are under the age of 15, is under threat. Faced with one of the highest annual population growth rates in the world, habitat degradation...

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