WorldFish is an international, nonprofit research organization that harnesses the potential of fisheries and aquaculture to reduce hunger and poverty. Our publications database contains WorldFish publications and references to WorldFish research published in refereed journals and periodicals.
It is estimated that more than 200 million people worldwide depend on small-scale fisheries for their livelihood, driving the need for fisheries reform to develop effective, local-level governance systems to protect food security and lessen reliance on common resources. However, our ability to impose new management relies on the assessment of vulnerability and adaptive capacity, and the lack of social-ecological data often stifles decision making.
Rotational zoning systems (RZSs) have been applied as a spatial management tool for fisheries in developed countries. Fishing grounds are divided into numerous plots and assigned a cyclical periodicity for harvest. This is a distinct spatial management measure that differs from more common measures in the tropics, like periodic closures or marine protected areas.
India is the world's second largest producer of farmed freshwater fish. The state of Andhra Pradesh (AP) is by far the most important producer of fish in India. Since the late 1970s, fish culture in AP has undergone a boom (first with Indian major carps, then pangasius), resulting in expansion of pond area to 142,000 ha, and massive increases in inland farmed fish production, to 1.5 million tons.