Potential applications of reproductive and molecular genetic technologies in the selective breeding of aquaculture species

The use of reproductive and genetic technologies can increase the efficiency of selective breeding programs for aquaculture species. Four technologies are considered, namely: marker-assisted selection, DNA fingerprinting, in-vitro fertilization, and cryopreservation. Marker-assisted selection can result in greater genetic gain, particularly for traits difficult or expensive to measure, than conventional selection methods, but its application is currently limited by lack of high density linkage maps and by the high cost of genotyping.

A place at the table? (Commentary)

International organizations are calling for fisheries to be included in a new global deal on climate change. A consortium of 16 organizations including the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Bank and the WorldFish Center issued a policy brief to delegates meeting in Bonn from June 1-12 for the latest round of UN climate talks. Their key message was outlined in a Commentary by two of the authors of the brief published May 28 on Nature Reports Climate Change.

Pathological evaluation to the effect of some probiotics on the health and immune status of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Probiotics are widely used in poultry and swine rearing farms but little has been done to incorporate them into aquaculture. This study aimed to pathologically and immunologically evaluate the efficiency of Bacillus subtilis and/or Lactobacillus acidophilus as a potential probiotic in the culture of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).

Optimum manure loading rates in tropical freshwater fish ponds receiving untreated piggery wastes

Manure from grower-finisher pigs (15-100 kg) was added to 0.1 hs ponds at six different rates: 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 pigs/ha of pond. Tilapia (Sarotherodon niloticus), Cyprinus carpio and Ophicephalus striatus were cultured in the ponds at total stocking rates of 10000 and 20000 fish/ha. There were two 90-day fish culture periods in each 180 day pig culture period. The highest net fish yield of 3549 kg/ha/180 days was obtained with 103 pig/ha and 20000 fish/ha treatment.

Molecular probes and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) -based kits for diagnosis of shrimp diseases.

Technology for effective and fast diagnosis of animal diseases is essential for developing aquaculture management strategies. This paper reviews the conventional techniques for shrimp disease diagnosis and discusses the emergence of nuclei acid probes and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based kits as powerful tools for rapid and accurate detection of shrimp diseases.

Maintaining the "public good" nature of improved fish strains: dissemination of knowledge and materials

Many sources of information that discuss currents problems of food security point to the importance of farmed fish as an ideal food source that can be grown by poor farmers, (Asian Development Bank 2004). Furthermore, the development of improved strains of fish suitable for low-input aquaculture such as Tilapia, has demonstrated the feasibility of an approach that combines “cutting edge science” with accessible technology, as a means for improving the nutrition and livelihoods of both the urban poor and poor farmers in developing countries (Mair et al. 2002).

Lessons from the breeding program of rohu

For the first time in India, selective breeding work has been initiated at the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, India in collaboration with the Institute of Aquaculture Research (AKVAFORSK), Norway. Rohu has been chosen as the model species because it enjoys the highest consumer preference among Indian major carps (IMC) although its performance was observed to be slower than other IMC. As this was the first ever selection work on any Indian major carp, many procedures and techniques for successful implementation of the programs were standardized (i.e.

The introduction of exotic fish in Sri Lanka with special reference to tilapia.

Introductions of exotic finfish between 1948 and 1953 are reported in this paper, with a brief reference to earlier and later introductions. Exotic fish were introduced principally to develop the potential for aquaculture in fresh and brackish waters in order to increase the availability of fish for rural communities through the biological control of aquatic vegetation. The algal feeding tilapia (Sarotherodon mossambicus) has created a new food industry in inland and brackishwaters.

Integration of aquaculture and agriculture: a route to sustainable farming systems

The integration of agriculture and aquaculture as a means of intensifying resource use and improving the productivity of many current farming practices in Southeast Asian and African countries is discussed. A brief account is given of work undertaken by ICLARM in Malawi and India regarding the improved use of marginal lands to integrate crops, vegetables, trees, livestock and fish, outlining also the various problems involved in the extension of such integrated fish farming systems.

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