Geographers first identified aquaculture as an important field of study during the 1990s, pointing to a ‘net deficit’ in geographical knowledge about the activity. This paper examines how far geographers have come in bridging this knowledge deficit in the last 20 years. While increasing attention has focused on the political economy of export products consumed in the global North, ‘everyday’ geographies of aquaculture production and consumption in the global South have been neglected.
ACIAR, in collaboration with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), organised a symposium on tropical sea cucumber aquaculture at SPC Headquarters in Noumea, New Caledonia, in February 2011. Although the principal focus was on ACIAR work, particularly in the Asia–Pacific region, researchers from other parts of the world were invited to provide additional expertise. The symposium identified knowledge gaps and highlighted researchable topics for future developments in sea cucumber aquaculture.
A account is given of the aquaculture courses available at the Aquaculture Research and Training Asian Institute of Technology, describing also the facilities and research directions which include a scheme to recycle seepage, excreta reuse by duckweed, integrated farming and water hyacinth.
An account is given of the use of salt evaporation ponds for fish (Mugil curema ) production in the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and future prospects are examined.
This article explains the concept of a “nutrition-sensitive approach“ to aquaculture and fisheries and provides insights into the ways in which this approach, if widely applied, could create large impacts on the nutritional status and health of populations, within both resource-poor and better-off populations.
The Bangladesh Aquaculture Project is a 5 year transformative investment by USAID in aquaculture, focused on the 20 southern districts in Barisal, Khulna and Dhaka divisions of Bangladesh. The objectives of the project are to 1) improve fish and shrimp seed quality and availability 2) increase farm household pond and homestead production to raise incomes and improve nutrition 3) increase investment, employment and growth through support to commercial fish, shrimp and prawn production 4) work with government to support policy, regulatory implementation and institutional capacity.
The CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems is a multi-year research initiative launched in July 2011. It is designed to pursue community-based approaches to agricultural research and development that target the poorest and most vulnerable rural households in aquatic agricultural systems. Led by WorldFish, a member of the CGIAR Consortium, the program is partnering with diverse organizations working at local, national and global levels to help achieve impacts at scale.