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Coastal zone management

Assessment of capabilities, needs of communities, opportunities and limitations of weather forecasting for coastal regions of Bangladesh

This report is intended to provide a range of background material in relation to Bangladesh and weather event forecasting, forecast information dissemination, and the implications of weather events and forecasting for communities and their livelihoods.

Economic analysis of climate change adaptation strategies in selected coastal areas in Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam

Climate change with its attendant geophysical hazards is well studied. A great deal of attention has gone into analyzing climate change impacts as well as searching out possible mitigating adaptive strategies. These matters are very real concerns, especially for coastal communities. Such communities are often the most vulnerable to climate change, since their citizens frequently live in abject poverty and have limited capacity to adapt to geophysical hazards.

Resilient livelihoods and food security in coastal aquatic agricultural systems: Investing in transformational change

Aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) are diverse production and livelihood systems where families cultivate a range of crops, raise livestock, farm or catch fish, gather fruits and other tree crops, and harness natural resources such as timber, reeds, and wildlife. Aquatic agricultural systems occur along freshwater floodplains, coastal deltas, and inshore marine waters, and are characterized by dependence on seasonal changes in productivity, driven by seasonal variation in rainfall, river flow, and/or coastal and marine processes. Despite this natural productivity, the farming, fishing, and herding communities who live in these systems are among the poorest and most vulnerable in their countries and regions. This report provides an overview of the scale and scope of development challenges in coastal aquatic agricultural systems, their significance for poor and vulnerable communities, and the opportunities for partnership and investment that support efforts of these communities to secure resilient livelihoods in the face of multiple risks.

Study says Coral Triangle must secure food for the future

Biodiversity loss and food insecurity are two of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. The Asia-Pacific's Coral Triangle is defined by its extremely high marine biodiversity, with over one hundred million people living in its coastal zones who use this biodiversity to support their livelihoods.

Food security and the Coral Triangle Initiative

Foale, S. ; Adhuri, D. ; Aliño, P. ; Allison, E.H. ; Andrew, N. ; Cohen, P. ; Evans, L. ; Fabinyi, M. ; Fidelman, P. ; Gregory, C. ; Stacey, N. ; Tanzer, J. ; Weeratunge, N.
 

Adaptation Pathways: responding to climate change

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) through its Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) regional technical assistance (RETA) program is providing technical assistance to five Pacific countries. Through one of its programs - "Strengthening coastal and marine resources management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific (Phase II)" - they are seeking to improve the resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems in the CTI countries of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste, as well as neighbouring Fiji and Vanuatu, in the face of multiple drivers of change, including climate change.

Assessing the economic value of coral reefs to Solomon Island communities

Coastal communities in Solomon Islands, like many island countries, rely heavily on their coral reef resources for subsistence and income generation. These reefs, similar to others throughout the world are under pressure from human induced impacts and over harvesting. In Solomon Islands, a growing demand for coral for the international aquarium and curio trade, as well as a local demand for betel nut lime (made from live coral) further intensifies stress on the reefs. The collection of coral for these activities can result in the removal of specific coral types, and localised destruction of the reef habitat. This in turn can have major ecological impacts on other reef dependent species like fish and invertebrates. The degradation of the reef can affect the resilience of the whole ecosystem, and its ability to recover from both natural and anthropogenic impacts. A damaged reef system may also lead to negative socio-economic flow-on effects to the communities’ dependant on them.

Local communities and resource owners play a leading role in managing their own resources

Coastal communities across the Pacific islands of the Solomons, Kiribati and Vanuatu are becoming increasingly concerned as essential marine resources that support hundreds of thousands of people dwindle due to impacts such as climate change and overfishing. In a new phase of an ongoing research project managed by WorldFish and funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), this project is a key component in a broad programme of work that seeks to transform the coastal fisheries of Solomon Islands, and beyond that, initiate a process to do the same in Vanuatu and Kiribati.
 

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