Naturally occurring fish genetic resources are of great importance for fisheries and aquaculture. Fish farmers and fishers face a future in which the diversity of their basic resources is under threat and the genetic composition of these resources will be increasingly reliant on human protection and manipulation. Fish genetic resources research, information and training in the context of existing and future activities are discussed.
The four sea turtle species found in Malaysia are the leatherback, olive ridley, green and hawksbill. The threats to these species are acute. Populations of leatherback, olive ridley and hawksbill turtles are on the brink of collapse – threatening a biodiversity crisis in Malaysia and the region. On 16-17 August 2004, a workshop was convened in Kijal, Terengganu, to chart new directions in the conservation of Malaysia’s critically endangered sea turtles and to reverse population decline.
The purpose of this project has been to address the issue of decreased catch rates and declining income per unit of fishing effort in Jamaica's artisanal fisheries. This is an issue that is not unique to Jamaica. It is faced by fishers in most of the countries surrounding the Caribbean. The absence of any significant fisheries management, combined with excessive population densities and a lack of employment opportunities, has led to increasing fishing effort in Caribbean coastal fisheries, resulting in recruitment and growth overfishing.
Human and institutional capacities for developing and managing genetically improved tilapia in Africa are discussed. Discussions are related particularly to the status of hatcheries, rearing facilities, research and extension services, training in genetic enhancement, and fish transfer in major aquaculture countries in Africa. The leading aquaculture producing countries are Egypt and Nigeria along with nine other countries with some intermediate levels of fish production. The availability of quality fry and fingerlings constitutes a major constraint.
It contains tables and a selected verbatim set of the paragraphs and sub paragraphs of the recent Plan of Implementation of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 26 August-4 September 2002. The selected paragraphs and sub-paragarphs are those most relevant to the sustainable use, management and conservation of fish and other living aquatic resources.
The policy and legal instruments as well as institutional arrangements for the regulation and/or control of the introduction of alien species in Sub-Saharan Africa are reviewed. Many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have integrated measures to regulate the introduction of alien species into their environmental policies and laws as well as in sectoral instruments (for example, fi sheries laws, forest laws) and national biodiversity strategies and action plans.
A compilation of paper presented in the workshop entitled Biodiversity and Sustainable Use of Fish in the Coastal Zone. The workshop was convened in May 1999 at WRI, to give the project team, invited expert and participants from Ghana and other sub-Saharan Africa countries an opportunity to discuss common interest in tilapia biodiversity and genetic resources conservation and sustainable use, and to consider further research and training needs.
With the assistance of The Nature Conservancy, local fishermen implemented a total closure on fishing of commercially important invertebrates for three years around much of the coastline of two islands within an MCA of 83 km2 at the Arnavon Islands, located between Choiseul and Ysabel Islands, in the north of Solomon Islands. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) and the International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) have organised the monitoring program.
Lake Victoria fisheries face severe environmental stresses. Stocks are declining in a context of increasing population and growing demand for the lake’s resources. Rising competition between users is putting conservation goals and rural livelihoods at risk. While Uganda’s co-management policy framework is well-developed, key resources for implementation are lacking, enforcement is poor, and the relations between stakeholders are unequal. Poor rural resource users face significant challenges to effectively participate in fisheries decision-making.
The Coral Triangle is a global priority for conservation and since the creation of the Coral Triangle Initiative in 2007 it has been a major focus for a multi-lateral conservation partnership uniting the region's six governments. The Coral Triangle (CT) Atlas was developed to provide scientists and managers with the best available data on marine resources in the Coral Triangle.