This guide was developed to document the process and activities that WorldFish staff have used and adapted as facilitators working with communities interested in marine resource management in Solomon Islands. It draws on the experiences from work conducted with FSPI and MFMR through ACIAR funded projects, with communities that had a primary interest in the management of coral reef fisheries. Since 2011 the process has been trialed and adapted further with communities interested in mangrove ecosystem management (through the MESCAL project).
Periodically-harvested closures are commonly employed within co-management frameworks to help manage small-scale, multi-species fisheries in the Indo-Pacific. Despite their widespread use, the benefits of periodic harvesting strategies for multi-species fisheries have, to date, been largely untested. We examine catch and effort data from four periodically-harvested reef areas and 55 continuously-fished reefs in Solomon Islands.
An examination is made of the fish production potential of coral reef areas and techniques used to estimate possibleyields.
This report is an outcome of a collaborative effort between ICLARM and the University of Philippines - Visayas with funding support from Sida under the project "Valuation and policy analysis for sustainable management of coral reefs". The report summarizes various outputs provided by Taklong Island National Marine Reserve( TINMAR) that directly benefit the coastal communities and other resource users. The biological studies reviewed in the report also indicated that fish biomass has increased which can be attributed to the protection of the area as a marine reserve.
Worldwide, there are many substantial coastal aquaculture and stock enhancement operations based on collection of wild juveniles. These include: growout of shrimp (Penaeidae), milkfish (Chanos chanos), eels (Anguilla spp.), yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata), southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), edible oysters (Ostreidae) and mussels (Mytilidae); stock enhancement of scallops (Pectinidae); and the culture of pearls in farmed blacklip pearl oysters (Pinctada margaritifera). The growout of wild puerulus larvae of spiny lobsters (Palinuridae) is also developing rapidly.
The book describes an intensive four-year program of monitoring the community ecology and harvest patterns of a large fringing coral reef system in northeastern Philippines. Reef harvest methods included principally gathering, handlining, trapping, gillnetting, seining, coralling and spearfishing, both with and without air compressors.
Under the Reefs at Risk Revisited project, World Resources Institute (WRI) and its partners (The Nature Conservancy, The WorldFish Center, ICRAN etc) have developed a new, detailed assessment of the status of and threats to the world's coral reefs. This information is intended to raise awareness about the location and severity of threats to coral reefs. These results can also catalyze opportunities for changes in policy and practice that could safeguard coral reefs and the benefits they provide to people for future generation.
An examination is made of the effects of the eruption of Mount Pinatubo on Luzon Island, northwestern Philippines in June 1991 on the Country's fisheries, considering in particular the coral reef environment, inland fisheries and aquaculture.
The marine fisheries of Jamaica are almost entirely artisanal, with at least 15 000 fishers and an annual catch of approximately 7 000 t. A recent development is a small industrial fishery for queen conch and spiny lobster that earns significant foreign exchange for the country. The major aquatic resources are coral reef fishes, conch, lobster, small pelagics and seasonal large pelagics. The major fishing grounds are the southern island shelf and Pedro Bank, a large oceanic bank 150 km to the southwest of Kingston.
In addition to their unique biological characteristics, coral reef fisheries have a feature which separates them from all other marine systems; the presence of coral outcrops makes the use of trawls and other modern industrial fishing gear types unfeasible. Coral reef systems are, therefore, the domain of the small-scale. fisher. The sheltered waters created by the coral reef systems, combined with the high productivity.of the system, have been an inducement to human settlement.