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Coral reefs

Ridge to Reef Biodiversity Conservation

Despite the importance of the Philippines’ coastal zone to the country’s national economy, it has not been sustainably managed and faces key challenges arising from habitat deforestation, inter-tidal reclamation, mangrove destruction, river damming, coral removal, destructive fishing methods, over-fishing, the discharge of land-based pollutants and unregulated logging. Over the last 30 years, 70% of mangroves and 20% of sea grasses have been destroyed, while nearly 90% of coral reefs are under threat. All of these factors have led to reduced productivity, diminished livelihoods, increased poverty incidence and a reduction in health quality in the communities that depend on these coastal resources.

Knowledge Management within the Coral Triangle

The Coral Triangle is an expanse of ocean covering 5.7 million square kilometers and is considered to be the epicenter of marine life abundance and diversity on the planet. Located along the equator at the confluence of the Western Pacific and Indian Oceans, the boundaries of this region cover all or part of the exclusive economic zones of six countries (CT6): Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste.

Project compiles best practices in coral reef management

Coral reefs are sometimes called the  "Rainforest of the seas" for the astounding array of marine life they harbor. Yet many of the world’s coral reefs are under severe stress, suffering the effects of disease, pollution, overfishing and the growing threat of damage from climate change.


Culturing Coral for international aquarium trade.
Culturing coral for the international aquarium trade. Photo by Eran Brokovich

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