Fisheries development in Costa Rica

An examination is made of the past and present status of the Costa Rica fishery. Continuing decline in production figures indicate the need for development. Two management options are considered: 1) no increase in production, but a reduction in post-harvest losses; and 2) increase in production by increasing fishing effort, exploiting new resources and aquaculture.

Exploratory analysis of resource demand and the environmental footprint of future aquaculture development using Life Cycle Assessment

Increases in fish demand in the coming decades are projected to be largely met by growth of aquaculture. However, increased aquaculture production is linked to higher demand for natural resources and energy as well as emissions to the environment. This paper explores the use of Life Cycle Assessment to improve knowledge of potential environmental impacts of future aquaculture growth. Different scenarios of future aquaculture development are taken into account in calculating the life cycle environmental impacts.

Development and management of artisanal fishery for yellow clam Mesodesma mactroides in Uruguay

A description is given of the artisanal fishery for yellow clam (Mesodesma mactroides ) conducted on beaches between the resorts of La Coronilla and Barra de Chuy, Uruguay. The clams are gathered by means of simple implements such as shovels, put in bags and kept in nearby storehouses after they have been checked for weight and size control.

Culture, social relations and private sector development in the Thai and Vietnamese fish hatchery sectors

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the social and cultural dimensions of fish hatchery development in Vietnam and Thailand. Two detailed case studies highlight the importance of a variety of culturally mediated, informal interpersonal relationships in facilitating the establishment of new hatchery enterprises. The analysis reveals that in both Vietnam and Thailand, informal relationships are extremely effective conduits for the transfer of productive technologies from public institutions to private entrepreneurs and for the subsequent development of private enterprises.

Cooperation in aquaculture rehabilitation and development in Aceh, Indonesia

Post-tsunami rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in Aceh have been criticised as focusing on vertical reporting at the expense of lateral coordination, leading in some cases to ‘overlaps and redundancies, mistargeting and hastily planned and implemented programs’. Our experience is that effective coordination between implementing agencies, linked to appropriate Indonesian government agencies, can effectively improve the delivery of services, in this case to coastal aquaculture farmers in Aceh.

Constraints to aquaculture extension in rural Africa

An examination is made of problems involved in the extension of aquaculture in traditional villages in Malawi.Aquaculture is relatively new in the country and requires technical support from very competent personnel who are highly trained in specialized institutions. Extension depends upon effective communication, which is very difficult inthe traditional environments in rural Africa due to the different social structures.

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