An account is given of the fisheries development and management in Indonesia.
The criteria applied by a development bank in taking investment or financing decisions rely basically upon thesocioeconomic merits of the investment project. Financing projects and mechanisms regarding fisheries andaquaculture are outlined.
A description is given of the artisanal fishery for yellow clam (Mesodesma mactroides ) conducted on beaches between the resorts of La Coronilla and Barra de Chuy, Uruguay. The clams are gathered by means of simple implements such as shovels, put in bags and kept in nearby storehouses after they have been checked for weight and size control.
This paper provides a comparative analysis of the social and cultural dimensions of fish hatchery development in Vietnam and Thailand. Two detailed case studies highlight the importance of a variety of culturally mediated, informal interpersonal relationships in facilitating the establishment of new hatchery enterprises. The analysis reveals that in both Vietnam and Thailand, informal relationships are extremely effective conduits for the transfer of productive technologies from public institutions to private entrepreneurs and for the subsequent development of private enterprises.
Post-tsunami rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in Aceh have been criticised as focusing on vertical reporting at the expense of lateral coordination, leading in some cases to ‘overlaps and redundancies, mistargeting and hastily planned and implemented programs’. Our experience is that effective coordination between implementing agencies, linked to appropriate Indonesian government agencies, can effectively improve the delivery of services, in this case to coastal aquaculture farmers in Aceh.
An examination is made of problems involved in the extension of aquaculture in traditional villages in Malawi.Aquaculture is relatively new in the country and requires technical support from very competent personnel who are highly trained in specialized institutions. Extension depends upon effective communication, which is very difficult inthe traditional environments in rural Africa due to the different social structures.
An account is given of a development project for the production of cockle seed and subsequent transfer of thetechnology used to the fisherfolk of Kuala Juru for the setting up of hatcheries for bivalve seed production.
There is compelling evidence that increased gender equity can make a significant contribution towards alleviating poverty and increasing food security. But past efforts to integrate gender into agricultural research and development practice have failed to address the inequalities that limit women’s access to agricultural inputs, markets, resources and advice. A Gender Transformative Approach (GTA) goes beyond just considering the symptoms of gender inequality, and addresses the social norms, attitudes, behaviors and social systems that underlie them.
The existing fisheries in Brunei are almost entirely artisanal, using traditional gear. Stock assessment is discussed and the potential for aquaculture considered. Some of the problems in the fisheries are related to the extensive oil and natural gas industry but the greatest problem is that of red tides, which are a constraint not only in the development of the bivalve shellfish industry but also in the utilization of some fish resources there, at least during the bloom periods.
In 1976 the Government of Indonesia began a brackish water pond (tambak) development project on the east coast of the north Sumatra provinces Aceh and North Sumatra. Strategic outputs for the 2 province projects are listed. It was decided that polyculture of milkfish (Chanos chanos ) and shrimp (Penaeus monodon ) would be promoted as the most realistic of several possibilities. A mini-estate pilot project was undertaken in order to determine how the tambak expansion could be conducted in an orderly way, both technically and economically sound.