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Blue Frontiers : Managing the environmental costs of aquaculture

This global review is a comprehensive analysis of global aquaculture production across all major species and farm production systems. The report aims to inform policy makers about the impacts of aquaculture on the environment and to stimulate debate on the optimal animal food production systems for tomorrow.
 

Boosting nutrition and livelihoods in Zambia through the chisense fishery

For the people of Zambia, especially the poor, fish is the most important and sometimes only source of animal protein and other essential nutrients. However, the per capita supply of fish today is only half of what it was 30 years ago, due to stagnating production, growing populations and increasingly competitive trade. Projections for future supplies are that fish will become increasingly expensive also in Zambia. Currently Zambian households in most parts of the country spend more money on fish than on any other food item, including staple foods and other animal products. If this trend continues, there are concerns that fish may slip out of the reach of the poor – with far-reaching implications for national nutrition security and public health.

African aquaculture: development beyond the fish farm

Despite global hunger declining, the number of people going hungry in Africa remains high with 30% of people reported to be undernourished in 2010. Fish are an important source of food for many African people, providing around 18% of their animal protein, but with a growing and rapidly urbanizing population and capture fisheries largely reaching their limit, many African countries are now looking towards aquaculture to supply an increasing demand for fish.
 

Reaping the rewards of aquaculture in Bangladesh

Situated at the apex of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh lies on the richly fertile delta plains that mark a boundary between the Indian subcontinent and South East Asia. With the Padma, Jamuna and Meghna Rivers and their many tributaries innervating the Bangladeshi lowlands, fishing and aquatic agriculture have been mainstays of the country’s predominantly rural communities for centuries. Working amidst this rich riparian heritage, the USAID Feed the Future Aquaculture project aims to increase the productivity of aquaculture farms and improve the lives of millions through better health and financial security. In a country where up to fifteen percent of the population regularly faces nutritional shortages and household incomes are some of the lowest in the world, the benefits of the Aquaculture project could be transformative for many.

Advancing aquaculture production with better quality fish seed

The Greater Noakhali and Greater Barisal areas of southern Bangladesh include large numbers of rivers, ponds, floodplains, waterlogged paddy fields, canals and tributaries of the Meghna River. These areas have a long history of fisheries production. In the past, fish farmers have depended on natural fish seed collected from breeding grounds such as Halda River. However, the expansion and intensification of aquaculture has reached a point where the demand for fish seed can only be satisfied by hatchery production.

Small Fish Can Mean Big Nutrition

Malnutrition levels in Bangladesh are amongst the highest in the world. Approximately half of Bangladesh’s population lives below the food poverty line and the dietary intake of both adults and children are severely deficient in key vitamins and minerals. It is now understood that women and children are the more food-insecure and micronutrient-deficient in the population. This project, supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development, aims to increase household income in poor, rural households in Bangladesh, and improve nutrition, especially in women and children, through increased intake of nutrient-rich small fish.

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