An account is given of pelagic fisheries in African lakes and reservoirs. Species introductions are considered, describing also various biological characteristics of the pelagic species. Currently pelagic fisheries are best developed in Lakes Tanganyika, Kariba and Kinneret. Development projects and planning necessary are discussed briefly.
It is widely recognised that anchored, nearshore fish aggregating devices (FADs) are one of the few practical ‘vehicles’ for increasing access to tuna to help feed the rapidly growing rural and urban populations in many Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs). However, considerable planning, monitoring and research is still needed to understand and fulfil the potential of nearshore FADs.
A discussion is presented on the topic of publishing fishery information, indicating the various problems which existin current publishing systems worldwide.
The energy sources of importance in the fishing industry are discussed in detail. An account is given of fish catching,fish growing and fish saving and the role energy plays in each. Wind, sun and biogas are all considered as energy resources.
Overall history of the Network of Tropical Aquaculture Scientists (NTAS) from 1987 to 1996 was summarized.
A method of consensus building for management of wetlands and fisheries using a systematic approach to participatory planning and initially developed in Bangladesh is now being applied in both Bangladesh and the Mekong delta. The method recognizes diversity in livelihoods and works through a structured learning and planning process that focuses on common interests. It works with each category of stakeholder separately to prioritize the natural resource problems that their livelihoods are largely dependent on; they then share and agree common priorities in plenary.
A trophic model of the marine fisheries resources of the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia was constructed using the Ecopath with Ecosim software and data from a trawl survey conducted in the area in 1979. The model consists of 27 ecological groups with a mean trophic level of 3.04. The exploited fishery was then a moderately mature and relatively stable system. The impact of the fishery at the time was low to moderate in comparison with the fisheries in other systems and notably in later time periods.
The authors examined a few new research programs initiated by ICLARM and its new approach with highlights on traditional fisheries
Human rights are about more than political and civil rights, they also include a bundle of “economic, social and cultural rights” which include rights to food, water, housing, and decent work, and the rights of children, migrants and women. Each of these rights has a legal framework supporting it, which forms the international architecture of human rights law.
An account is given of the methodology and findings of a holistic, ecosystemic investigation of the multispecies fisheries of Bukit Merah Reservoir in Malaysia in 1978-80. The need for sound biological and ecological understanding of the resources as a basis for management decision is demonstrated.