A summary is given of efforts made by local and foreign organizations to improve artisanal fisheries in Tonga throughthe introduction of improved fishing vessels and associated training programs. The demonstration boat program, which involved the introduction of semienclosed diesel-powered fishing vessels, are described. The engines proved to be simple and economical to operate and maintain, and the vessels were more seaworthy than the traditional boats and provided more comfort and safety in poor sea conditions.
Since the late 1980’s various forms of fisheries co-management initiatives have been implemented in some of the major fisheries in Zambia. The reasons for instituting co-management arrangements have been varied and have ranged from the need to control the influx of immigrant fishermen to the desire to encourage the use of legal fishing gear. This paper looks at the manner that co-management has evolved in three fisheries namely Lake Kariba, Lake Bangweulu and the Mweru-Luapula fisheries. It shows that after more than 10 years of co-management the results are still mixed.
Analysis from research and practice in Africa shows that fishing communities are hardly reached by HIV-related services, education, and business services, partly because of the efforts and costs involved and a lack of good practice in reaching out to these often remote areas. At the same time, fish traders, especially women, travel regularly to remote fishing camps to purchase fish. Although female fish traders may be exposed to HIV, violence and abuse in their interactions and relationships with fishermen, economic necessity keeps them in this trade.
A brief account is given of microcomputer software developed by the marine Resources Service of FAO for theassessment of tropical fisheries. The packages are intended for users in developing countries who may not have easy access to technical expertise and therefore emphasis has been place on user friendliness.
Fisheries is a vital sector in the Philippine economy, providing a significant source of both domestic and export earnings while meeting essential food security and nutritional requirements. However, marine resources in the Philippines are facing increasing pressure from overfishing, destructive fishing practices, habitat destruction, declining water quality and limited management capacity. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are part of the management strategy to address these issues but the majority of MPAs around the world do not meet their management objectives.
Throughout the world, poor fisheries management contributes to resource degradation, poverty, and food insecurity. This European Union project on an Ecosystem Approach to Small-scale Tropical Marine Fisheries is led by WorldFish and implemented in collaboration with national partners in Indonesia, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands and Tanzania. The overall objective is to use an ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM) to improve governance of small-scale fisheries (SSF).
The main purpose of the study is to determine whether non-use values exist among residents of Quezon City, hundreds of kilometers away from Tubbataha Reefs. The dichotomous choice contingent valuation method (CVM) was employed across 800 randomly selected respondents, 400 of which were personally interviewed (PI) and 400 were asked to accomplish self-administered (SA) questionnaires, 198 of the latter were found useable for the study.
The crab (swimming crab; Portunus pelagicus) fishery in coastal Cambodia appears to have declined in recent years due to over-fishing and a growth in the number of fishermen, but remains an important source of income for households along the coast. Several initiatives have started since 2007, with support from NGOs, international organizations and the Fisheries Administration (FiA), to test stock enhancement techniques through the release of crab larvae.
The existing fisheries in Brunei are almost entirely artisanal, using traditional gear. Stock assessment is discussed and the potential for aquaculture considered. Some of the problems in the fisheries are related to the extensive oil and natural gas industry but the greatest problem is that of red tides, which are a constraint not only in the development of the bivalve shellfish industry but also in the utilization of some fish resources there, at least during the bloom periods.
A brief account is given of the Asian Fisheries Society and its objectives regarding promotion of interaction and cooperation in fisheries research and development, and also establishment of national fisheries societies seeking affiliation and cooperation with other societies, organizations and institutions.