Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture have been recognized as important opportunities to enhance household food security in developing countries. While interventions aiming at promoting these activities reveal many positive effects, their direct and indirect impacts on nutritional status have not yet been fully documented. The objective of this paper is to identify more specifically the potential pathways that exist between fish-related livelihoods (small-scale fisheries, fish farming) and household nutritional security.
The wide distribution and ongoing improvement of GIFT tilapia in Sri Lanka is raising the living standards of poor people and contributing to gender equality through employment for women in rural areas. So far, the GIFT fish have undergone four generations of selection for increased harvest weight in Sri Lanka. Now preferred in varied culture systems across the country, GIFT fish grow faster and have higher survival than local tilapia stocks.
The WorldFish Center, in partnership with FAO, is implementing the regional programme "Fisheries and HIV/AIDS in Africa: investing in sustainable solutions". This programme aims at strengthening the capacity in the region to develop sustainable solutions to enhance the contributions of fish and fisheries to economic and human development. In particular, the programme is building a strategic response to HIV/AIDS in the fisheries sector that will generate benefits for vulnerable groups in wider society.
Under the regional programme Fisheries and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Investing in Sustainable Solutions, the WorldFish Center conducted this study on access to health services and vulnerabilities of female fish traders in the Kafue Flats floodplains in Zambia.
The lack of comprehensive regional treatments of small scale fisheries and the need for improved information for management purposes of this sector in the region are emphasized. Estimating total catches, mapping the seasonal deployment of fleets and quantifying their fishing effort as well as computing catch per unit effort and cost per unit catch for all major gears/species are crucial. In addition, the need to understand oftenly neglected issues, such as the mobility of fisherfolk in and out of the fishery and the role of women in production, distribution and trade are emphasized.
Mrs Jessie Kaunde is proud to be one of the small, but growing, number of women who farm fish on their own. She recognised fish farming as an opportunity to provide herself with a better future back in 1999, when she heard a radio programme describing the technique. But what has made Mrs Kaunde so successful is that she really took to heart the idea of integrated farm management. So, as well as growing crops and fish, she also raises more than 500 chickens and ducks at a time, and uses their droppings to fertilize her ponds.
Editorial: Focuses on the gender dimensions of fisheries which provide rich ground for perspectives on development policy and community based strategies for livelihoods, gender and social justice.
The Women in Aquaculture project was launched in two districts of central Terai in Nepal jointly by AIT (Thailand) and Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (Nepal). The project has trained five groups of about 150 women belonging to a traditional ethnic fishing community and supported by fish farming as a means of additional income generation and source of protein supply for the family.
Recent studies have shown that women are actively involved in the small scale fisheries sector in Malaysia working very often without pay in the family businesses. Activities carried out by women include small-scale fish processing, net mending, cleaning and gutting fish, fish vending, feed preparation and feeding fish in aquaculture projects. Planners and policy makers must recognize the unpaid work for women so that the needs of women will not be left behind in development planning.
This paper provides a short guide to what each paper in the proceedings contains, the approach it takes and, across all papers, the main messages for human development. It concluded by summarizing all the messages into 10pointers for development.