Genetic improvement of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) in India. Phase two

Macrobrachiurn rosenbergii is one of the widely cultured freshwater prawn species globally. India was the third largest producer of this species in 2007 and its aquaculture production rose to 43,000 metric tons (t) in 2005 froin less than 500 t in 1995. However, since then production has been declining and in 2008-09 it was 12,856 t, a reduction of more than 70% compared to 2005. There are several contributing factors to this decline, such as slow growth rate, poor survival, disease outbreaks, increase in cost of production, and availability of low risk alternative fish species.

Exotic species and genetically modified organisms in aquaculture and enhanced fisheries: ICLARM's position

This article contains a discussion paper on the use of exotic species and genetically modified organisms in aquaculture and enhanced fisheries, together with a summary of ICLARM's (International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Philippines) current position on this important topic.

Genetic considerations on acquisition and maintenance of reference populations of tilapia

The maintenance of reference populations of Tilapia is discussed, examining genetic considerations to be taken into account to conserve the gene pool to prevent genetic drift and prevent detrimental levels of inbreeding. The importance of knowledge of the proper effective breeding number and its use in management of the reference population is described.

Donor-oyster derived heritability estimates and the effect of genotype X environment interaction on the production of pearl quality traits in the silver-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada maxima

The aim of this study was to estimate donor-oyster derived heritability and genetic correlations for pearl quality traits in the silver-lipped pearl oyster, P. maxima; namely pearl size, colour, lustre, shape and complexion. As future breeding programs for pearls are likely to involve oysters that will be reared in geographically disparate locations we also evaluated the potential impact environment G × E interactions may have on the realization of genetic gains for pearl quality traits.

Considerations about effective dissemination of improved fish strains

Aquaculture production systems in developing countries are largely based on the use of unimproved species and strains. As knowledge and experience are accumulated in relation to the management, feeding and animal health issues of such production systems, the availability of genetically more productive stock becomes imperative in order to more effectively use resources. For instance, there is little point in providing ideal water conditions and optimum feed quality to fish that do not have the potential to grow faster and to be harvested on time, providing a product of the desired quality.

A comparison of communal and separate rearing of families in selective breeding of common carp (Cyprinus carpio): Responses to selection

The genetic response in growth traits in a selection program for increased harvest weight in a common carp population in Vietnam is reported. A base population (G0) was established from six carp stocks using single pair mating. Selection was based on high breeding values for body weight at harvest, with a corresponding control group selected on average breeding values of the population.

Are trunk lateral line anomalies and disoriented scale patterns in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) influenced by genetics?

Different kinds of defects are observed on farmed fish, and while a lot of research has concentrated on skeletal abnormalities, little is known on scale anomalies. In this paper, a survey for lateral line shape anomalies and disoriented scale patterns was carried out in a common garden experiment involving crosses of 5 different wild populations of European seabass, in order to find if any correlation exists between lateral line shape anomalies, disoriented scale patterns and genetic origin.

Use and exchange of aquatic genetic resources for food and aquaculture: clarias catfish

There are 58 species of Clarias recognized in FishBase (as of January 2009), 33 in Africa and 25 in Asia. Aquaculture of clariids is important with 30 countries reporting a total production of over 300 000 t worth nearly US$400 million in 2006. Most production involves the African Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and three Asian species, Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758), Clarias macrocephalus (Günther, 1864) and Clarias fuscus (Lacep'de, 1803). In much of Asia, hybrids of introduced C.

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