This paper is based on a first phase of a study in the Muthurajawela-Negombo wetland complex and aims to assess the overall spatial linkages between ecological and socioeonomic aspects of the wetland system using a geospatial model; incorporating biophysical and socioeconomic parameters for analysing and modelling the changes in the coastal wetland-agriculture-aquaculture complex.
Fish museums across the world are a repository of historical data on fish abundance and occurrence. These occurrence points when mapped provide a picture of present-day and earlier fish distribution. The accuracy of the map will depend on how exhaustive the museum collection is for the area, and also on the museums’ collection practices (comprehensiveness and survey design).
Kolleru lake, India’s largest fresh water lake, and lone Ramsar site in Andhra Pradesh state have undergone tremendous changes due to development of aquaculture. Large-scale aquaculture practices, increased industrial activity, increased number of human settlements, etc. have exploited the lake’s resources which created an extensive ecological imbalance, hence instabilising the sustainability process. The present study highlights the assessment of aquaculture in Kolleru lake using multi-temporal satellite datasets.
The present study investigates the potential of readily available and easily accessible global data sets to understand regional/local level interactions in wetland systems. The biogeographical zones of India were used a base-frame to select three sites. The study well fits the interests of National Wetland Committee of India to investigate and document fundamental information on wetland extent/distribution. The national partnership with SACON represents this interest.
Bleached corals provide a strong optical signal that suggest that remote sensing investigations of major bleaching events are feasible using airborne or satellite sensors. However, patchy coral cover, varying intensities of bleaching, and water depths are likely to limit the application of remoter sensing techniques in monitoring and mapping coral bleaching. Today, satellite multi-spectral sensors routinely provide images of reefs from 4 m (Ikonos) to 30 m resolution (Landsat); however, the adequacy of these sensors for monitoring and mapping bleaching events remains unclear.
This paper outlines the opportunities and constraints in the use of remote sensing technology and geographic information systems (GIS) for coastal zone management (CZM). Extensive applications of remote sensing under ASEAN/US CRMP were hindered by cost, lack of familiarity with the methodologies, lack of technical expertise and inaccessibility of remotely sensed data. The use of GIS in CRMP was limited to the Malaysian project. Although many of the real-world complexities of the coastal zone cannot be adequately represented in current GIS, it still serves as a useful tool for CZM.
In this paper we describe the construction of an online GIS database system, hosted by WorldFish, which stores bio-physical, ecological and socio-economic data for the ‘Coral Triangle Area’ in South-east Asia and the Pacific. The database has been built in partnership with all six (Timor-Leste, Malaysia, Indonesia, The Philippines, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea) of the Coral Triangle countries, and represents a valuable source of information for natural resource managers at the regional scale.
A multiple purpose wetland inventory is being developed and promoted through partnerships and specific analyses at different scales in response to past uncertainties and gaps in inventory coverage. A partnership approach is being promoted through the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands to enable a global inventory database to be compiled from individual projects and analyses using remote sensing and GIS. Individual projects that are currently part of this global effort are described.
Regular monitoring of wetlands is an essential element of management for 'wise use'. Indeed, the Ramsar convention requires routine monitoring in order to detect changes in the ecological character at listed sites. However, there are few examples of monitoring of tropical wetlands on a sustained basis in the world. In the present study, we quantified land use/land cover changes in the lone Ramsar site, the Kolleru Wildlife Sanctuary of Andhra Pradesh, India between 1977 and 2007 using remote sensing and GIS techniques.
The present study outlines an approach to classify forest density and to estimate canopy closure of the forest of the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. The vector layers generated for the study area using satellite data was validated with the field knowledge of the surveyed ground control points. The framework developed would serve as a significant measure to forest health and evaluate management concerns whilst addressing issues such as gap identification, conservation prioritisation and disaster management -- principally to the post-tsunami assessment and analysis.