WorldFish has invested in aquaculture research in Egypt for more than 20 years. Now under the new government in Egypt much effort is needed to address persistent high unemployment and limited economic opportunity for the poor. Investing in the country’s already well established aquaculture industry is one significant area where advances are possible, and WorldFish in collaboration with CARE Egypt, has now commenced a major aquaculture development project.
Egypt faces a growing population and shrinking supplies of water. The Ministry of Agriculture recognizes that increasing crop and livestock production per unit of water and land is an essential priority. Fish has been identified as one of the two most important livestock sub-sectors for future national food security. However, to meet the growing demand for fish in the face of static returns from capture fisheries, new supplies will have to come from aquaculture and increasing the productivity of already existing fish farms.
Use of manufactured feeds in aquaculture in Bangladesh has grown rapidly over the last five years. More than 1 million tonnes of commercially formulated feeds and 0.3-0.4 million tonnes of farm-made feeds were produced in 2012, and sectoral growth is projected to increase substantially over the medium term.
Egyptian aquaculture is booming, yet greater fish quality and effective industry support are still needed. A value chain approach is helping research and development partners overcome barriers to sustainable growth.
Aquaculture production systems in developing countries are largely based on the use of unimproved species and strains. As knowledge and experience are accumulated in relation to the management, feeding and animal health issues of such production systems, the availability of genetically more productive stock becomes imperative in order to more effectively use resources.
A group of women fish retailers in the Egyptian region of Shakshouk near Fayoum are realizing better profits from the sale after of their fish due to the acquisition of iceboxes. Iceboxes help them keep their fish fresh in the market, allowing them to sell more stock each day.