The viability of small-scale fisheries in developing countries is discussed, indicating measures to be taken in order to increase the economic importance of a small-scale fishery sector.
Aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) are food production systems in which the productivity of freshwater or coastal ecosystems contributes significantly to total household nutrition, food security, and income in developing countries. The Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) engages in research in development to address this challenge.
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific was founded in 1947 under the United Nations charter to encourage the economic and social development of Asia and the Far East. ESCAP has concentrated its efforts in six priority areas: food and agriculture; energy; raw materials and commodities; transfer of technology; international trade, transnational corporations and external financial resources transfers; and integrated rural development. Chief of ESCAP's Agriculture Division, Sultan Z. Khan, kindly supplied this report on a current fisheries-related project.
The sustainable management of small-scale fisheries in coral reef ecosystems constitutes a difficult objective not least because these fisheries usually face several worsening pressures, including demographic growth and climate change. The implications are crucial in terms of food security as fish represents the major protein source for local populations in many regions reliant on small-scale fisheries. The case of the Solomon Islands’ fishery presented in this paper represents an illustrative example of these issues.
Development of the Philippine fishery industry is discussed with respect to the role played by traditional beliefs ofthe Visayan fisherfolk.
Periodically-harvested fisheries closures are emerging as a socially acceptable and locally implementable way to balance concerns about conserving ecosystem function and sustaining livelihoods. Across the Indo-Pacific periodically-harvested closures are commonly employed, yet their contribution towards more sustainable fisheries remains largely untested in the social and ecological context of tropical small-scale fisheries.
An account of the fisheries in the Lake Qarun, Egypt is described in this article. As the salinity of the water increased through the years, Lake Qarun experienced significant ecological effects on its fauna and flora. The original freshwater fish fauna of the lake was drastically affected.
A summary is given of efforts made by local and foreign organizations to improve artisanal fisheries in Tonga throughthe introduction of improved fishing vessels and associated training programs. The demonstration boat program, which involved the introduction of semienclosed diesel-powered fishing vessels, are described. The engines proved to be simple and economical to operate and maintain, and the vessels were more seaworthy than the traditional boats and provided more comfort and safety in poor sea conditions.
A description is given of the artisanal fishery for yellow clam (Mesodesma mactroides ) conducted on beaches between the resorts of La Coronilla and Barra de Chuy, Uruguay. The clams are gathered by means of simple implements such as shovels, put in bags and kept in nearby storehouses after they have been checked for weight and size control.
In analyzing the structure of small scale fisheries in West Sumatra waters the need was found for diversification of current fishing gear. Trials were conducted using a coral reef longline as an alternative gear; using different kinds of baits and operating in different depths, the coral reef longline can be adjusted to select mainly mature fish, but proper identification of species is of importance in determining size at maturity.