Hilsa shad is the national fish of Bangladesh. However, overfishing, siltation, pollution and changing climate lead to a sharp decline in the fish population, theatening the livelihoods of the people dependent upon the hilsa fishery. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Enhanced Coastal Fisheries (ECOFISHBD) project seeks to improve the resilience of the hilsa fishery in the Padma-Meghna river-ecosystem and the livelihoods that depend upon it.
Participatory diagnosis is an approach to identify, prioritize and mobilise around factors that constrain or enable effective governance and management in small-scale fisheries. Diagnostic frameworks are mostly designed and used for systematic scientific analysis or impact evaluation. Through participation they also have potential to guide contextually informed improvements to management in practice, including transitions to contemporary forms of governance like the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF).
A description is given of the artisanal fishery for yellow clam (Mesodesma mactroides ) conducted on beaches between the resorts of La Coronilla and Barra de Chuy, Uruguay. The clams are gathered by means of simple implements such as shovels, put in bags and kept in nearby storehouses after they have been checked for weight and size control.
In analyzing the structure of small scale fisheries in West Sumatra waters the need was found for diversification of current fishing gear. Trials were conducted using a coral reef longline as an alternative gear; using different kinds of baits and operating in different depths, the coral reef longline can be adjusted to select mainly mature fish, but proper identification of species is of importance in determining size at maturity.
Periodically-harvested closures are commonly employed within co-management frameworks to help manage small-scale, multi-species fisheries in the Indo-Pacific. Despite their widespread use, the benefits of periodic harvesting strategies for multi-species fisheries have, to date, been largely untested. We examine catch and effort data from four periodically-harvested reef areas and 55 continuously-fished reefs in Solomon Islands.
Details are given of a program in small-business management developed for local fishermen in St. Kitts to improve their ability to operate a small fishing business. The foundation of the training was a recordkeeping system developed through observations of the fishing activity with the assistance of the fishermen and fishing officers. Using this recordkeeping as a baseline, 3 fundamental financial management methods were presented: budgetting, cash flow analysis and net worth statement.
A literature review indicated that artificial reefs seemed promising as refuges for fauna and to increase fish productivity. The author studied this alternative and after several months of preparatory arrangements a small reef was built between June and April 1984 at a depth of 10 m using approximately 400 scrap tires on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica.
An account is given of the use of salt evaporation ponds for fish (Mugil curema ) production in the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and future prospects are examined.
This paper is about the use of Participatory Action Research (PAR) and how it can influence change among stakeholders in small scale fisheries.
Relying on experience from West Africa and the Mekong Basin, the authors contend that small-scale inland fisheries are a critical element in the livelihoods of many farming households who live near water bodies in developing countries. Empirical evidence suggests that the relation between poverty and small-scale fisheries cannot be reduced to a simple correlation with income. A more thorough analysis is required.