The marine fisheries of Trinidad and Tobago are mainly artisanal and involve about 8,000 fishers. The main fishing gear used are the gillnets, the troll, the shrimp trawl, the fishpot and the industrial longline. Landings total approximately 14,000 t annually with Scomberomorus brasiliensis, shrimps and sharks being the most abundant in the landings. Assessment studies indicate overfishing and inferior marketing is an important issue. Underexploited resources include clupeiods, deep shell and slope resources, and lobsters. The shrimp trawl and longline by-catch are not fully utilized.
Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture make critical contributions to development in the areas of employment, with over 41 million people worldwide, the vast majority of whom live in developing countries, working in fish production; food security and nutrition, with fish constituting an important source of nutrients for the poor and often being the cheapest form of animal protein; and trade, with a third of fishery commodity production in developing countries destined for export.
Localized changes in the productivity of marine and inland waters induced by climate change will pose new challenges to the fishery and the aquaculture sectors in West Africa. However, climate change does not occur in isolation of other drivers of change: processes of environmental, economic and social change can affect the fishery sector, potentially creating additional vulnerability to climate change. Scenarios are a useful tool to explore uncertainties and understand non-climatic drivers of change.
This paper specifically examines the main determinants of women participation in income-earning activities in Peninsular Malaysian small scale fisheries.
This paper describes the use of bamboo in the fishing industry in both the capture fisheries and aquaculture sectors. The economic importance of bamboo and artisanal fishery to the poor communities in developing countries and the roles they play in poverty alleviation and livelihood improvement are described. The environmental sustainability of bamboo harvesting and the impacts of small-scale fishing on the aquatic environment are also examined.
Traditional uses of marine resources and culture systems in Indonesia are largely confined to the shallow-water inshore zones of coastal waters. Cultural beliefs and the part they play in the small-scale fishing activities are discussed.
The best word to describe Nazmy Abdel Rahman Shafi is 'dynamic'. At 73 he runs, with his partner Mohammed Gouda, a successful fish farm in the Fayoum province of Egypt. Not only were these men the first to begin farming fish in this area, they were also the first to really grasp the benefits of efficient management. As self-taught aquaculturists, they recognised the opportunity offered by the establishment of a new WorldFish Center office in Egypt in 1995. So they volunteered to take part in an experiment on fish-farm management.
A brief analysis of tropical small-scale fisheries is presented, strucutured by two areas of emphasis: marginalization -actual and perceived -- and Malthusian overfishing, a concept the author proposed previously. It is suggested that marginality is, in part at least, a construction resulting from faulty mental maps, which leads to even more marginalization for small-scale fisher communities.
This article briefly describes the intensive multidisciplinary 3 year research project conducted by the University of the Philippines and ICLARM to document the conditions of the fisheries and fishing communities of San Miguel Bay (Philippines) so that these communities could be integrated into the development planning of the Bicol River Basin Development Project. The research project had three parts, biology, economics and sociology.
Artisanal fisheries are extremely diverse when considered on a worldwide basis, although less so within particular countries. As a general case, artisanal fisheries are those in which fishermen operate from vessels of relatively modest size, using relatively inexpensive fishing gear and personally sell their catches to purchasers who might be consumers or middlemen trading on the local market.