An examination is made of the applications of microcomputers to aquaculture research, considering in particular data storage and processing and also statistical analysis programmes. Reference is made to development projects with the aim of making use of modern, applied research methods to develop aquaculture technologies applicable for developing countries.
A description is given of the technique used at the Gan Shmuel Fish Breeding Center, in Hadera, Israel, for the commercial mass production of sex inversed Oreochromis hybrids using androgen diets.
The strain by nutrition interaction in body weight and survival rate was examined by testing three genetic groups (Selection and Control lines of the GIFT strain, and Red tilapia) at two levels of protein in the diet (28% and 34%). The GIFT strain of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) has been selected for high-breeding values for body weight, whereas the Control was contemporaneously maintained and selected for breeding values of body weight close to the population mean. The Red tilapia (Oreochromis spp) was unselected at the time of the experiment.
The aim of this study was to examine genetic variation in reproductive traits and to estimate correlated responses in such traits to selection for high growth rate in the GIFT strain of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).
The main objective of this paper was to report more reliable estimates of the genetic variation and the genotype by test environment interaction for harvest body weight in the GIFT population in the Philippines than could be obtained from the base population by using the data from the five generations following the base population and that covers a wider span of test environments than the later experiments referred to above. Included are also estimates of the genotype by sex interactions for body weight.
Solomon Islands has a population of just over half a million people, most of whom are rural-based subsistence farmers and fishers who rely heavily on fish as their main animal-source food and for income. The nation is one of the Pacific Island Counties and Territories; future shortfalls in fish production are projected to be serious, and government policy identifies inland aquaculture development as one of the options to meet future demand for fish.
Genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT) has undergone ten generations of selection for harvest body weight in Malaysia, but there have been no reports on genetic parameters for flesh characteristics for this strain. In this study the effects of selection for increased harvest body weight on flesh chemical composition (protein%, fat%, moisture% and pH) as well as in colour, were investigated in fillets from fish of the GIFT strain.
This study was planned to determine the grazing rate of O. niloticus from both toxic and non toxic strains of Microcystis aeruginosa with its effect on fish health through study of some clinical signs, hematological and biochemical parameters.
Aeromonas species are potential water/foodborne pathogens, whereas Aeromonas veronii bv. sobria is one of the most virulent species to human and fish. Most current experimental evidence has publicized that suicide plasmid dependent IS1-element untargeted integration into A. veronii bv. sobria ATCC 9071T strain was recently used to generate brown pigment-producing and spontaneous pelleting (BP+SP+) mutant. Current study was conducted to compare virulence of wild-type ATCC 9071T strain and its BP+SP+ mutant with respect to cytotoxicity in HeLa cells and lethality in Nile tilapia.
Results of the studies undertaken for breeding and nursing Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in ricefields in Thai Binh province in Vietnam during the years 1995-96 are briefly presented in this paper.