Following a brief description of lake-based hatcheries and nurseries for tilapias, the advantages as compared to land-based systems are discussed, indicating also some of the disadvantages.
The introduction of green mussels (Perna viridis ) is Padre viridis) in Padre Burgos, Philippines, is described. Spat settlement, although small so far, is a strong positive indication that mussel culture is feasible in the area. Upon successful completion of the project, the results will be used to set up guidelines for other sites not yet obtaining spat settlement and also to assist in locating other areas suitable for mussel culture.
WorldFish is leading the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems together with two other CGIAR Centers; the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Bioversity. In 2012 and 2013 the AAS Program rolled out in Solomon Islands, Zambia, Bangladesh, Cambodia and the Philippines. Aquatic Agricultural Systems are places where farming and fishing in freshwater and/or coastal ecosystems contribute significantly to household income and food security. The program goal is to improve the well-being of AAS-dependent people.
The fishing industry in the Philippines was tantamount to a marine capture fishery in the 1950s to 1960s. Aquaculture and inland fishery production were not significant. Only during the 1970s did aquaculture and inland capture fisheries contribute significantly to fish production. From 250 000 t fish production in 1951, this increased substantially to 1.6 million t in the 1990s. An average 4.3% was contributed by fisheries to the gross domestic product from 1988 - 98. Fisheries export earnings reached P12 billion in the 1990s.
An historical account of the establishment of the Silliman University Marine Laboratory is given in this article.
A brief account of rice fish culture in the Ifugao Province, northern Luzon, Philippines was presented.
In response to inland fisheries demands for more manageable species of fish, development agencies in the Philippines have turned some attention to common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and its culture in rice paddies. Tilapia, which have been used exten-sively in rice fields, require more management than carp. With the advent of integrated fish farming and agriculture
The Brackishwater Aquaculture Development and Training Project, a cooperative effort of the Government of the Philippines, represented by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) under the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), became operational in April 1977. The author was project leader, representing FAO/UNDP until the project was completed in early 1983.
South-East Asia has traditionally been the global centre of production of tropical sea cucumbers for Chinese markets. Early research into culture methods took place outside this region, notably in India, the Pacific region and China. However, recent investment in Holothuria scabra (sandfish) culture has led to some significant advances within this region. The Philippines and Vietnam have been at the forefront of recent efforts, with involvement from substantial national programs and local institutions as well as international donors and scientific organisations.
Early efforts to apply the concept of fisheries co-management in Southeast Asia focused primarily on building the effectiveness of local management institutions and advocating the merits of the approach so that it would be applied in new sites, while gradually learning and adapting to a range of obstacles in practice. Today, with co-management widely embraced by the research community and adopted as policy by an increasing number of governments, a second-generation perspective has emerged.