The commercial exploitation of giant clam Tridacnidae in the Philippines is examined. Generally the giant clam shell is of greater commercial value than the meat and muscle. Prices and expert figures are discussed briefly.
The focus of this paper is on the governance of small-scale or municipal fisheries in the Philippines in light of the critical role they play in the livelihoods of coastal communities and in the nation as a whole. The information and insights presented in this lessons learned brief derive from the project entitled Strengthening Governance and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries Management in the Philippines: An Ecosystem Approach.
Since 1974, Sumilon, a 23-ha island near the southeastern tip of Cebu, Philippines, has been managed by Silliman University as a natural reserve in cooperation with the municipality of Oslob, Cebu. The use of the island as a marine park pilot site has been made possible through the Marine Parks Development Program within the Ministry of Natural Resources. This articles gives an account of this pilot project.
WorldFish is leading the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems together with two other CGIAR Centers; the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Bioversity. In 2012 and 2013 the AAS Program rolled out in Solomon Islands, Zambia, Bangladesh, Cambodia and the Philippines. Aquatic Agricultural Systems are places where farming and fishing in freshwater and/or coastal ecosystems contribute significantly to household income and food security. The program goal is to improve the well-being of AAS-dependent people.
An examination is made of the activities of the research project "Rural women in fishing communities" in Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. The project sought to develop a model of participatory data collection onwomen's role and activities in fishing communities as a basis for planning, monitoring and evaluation and also to help women improve their living and working conditions by establishing pilot action projects to provide inputs and services to help meet their basic needs.
Bais City with its two bays on the southeastern coast of Negros Island is historically the main source of shellfish in Negros Oriental, Philippines. Indigenous oyster species include the large, desirable Crassostrea iredalei (Talaba) and C. malabonensis (Kuko Kabayo) and the small, less desirable C. echinata, C. lugubrius and C. cucullata. Currently the dominant oysters are the smaller less desirable species.
The development of a saline tolerant tilapia strain able to grow fast is of importance in the Philippines, where 240 000 ha of brackish water ponds are available. To this end, founder hybridization between Oreochromis niloticus (with favorable growth traits) and O. mossambicus (with favorable salinity tolerance traits) was performed and followed by backcrossing with O. mossambicus to develop a strain highly tolerant to saline environments. Genetic selection for growth performance was subsequently conducted.
The depletion and degradation of the State marine and aquatic resources due to uncontrolled exploitation are the primary reasons for the enactment of fisheries laws. There are two approaches to the enforcement of these laws. Traditional law enforcement involves the intervention or actual performance by government through its designated and deputized agents. However, government activities are directed mainly at preventing further resource depletion. This is a shortcoming that prompted the conduct of alternative law enforcement strategies aimed at resource development.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations provided funding in support of the development of micro-enterprises in Banate Bay, Iloilo and Southern Iloilo. This project was implemented by the University of the Philippines in the Visayas in coordination with the Banate Bay Resource Management Council, Inc. and the Southern Iloilo Coastal Resource Management Council.
The marketing system for sea cucumber in South-East Asia is generally inefficient, and marketing channels are multilayered. Information asymmetry encourages proliferation of redundant players in the distribution system, while high transaction costs keep the overall marketing margin high but the price received by collectors low. This paper is limited to establishing the major features of the marketing system for sea cucumber in South-East Asia.