The commercial exploitation of giant clam Tridacnidae in the Philippines is examined. Generally the giant clam shell is of greater commercial value than the meat and muscle. Prices and expert figures are discussed briefly.
Aquatic agricultural systems (AAS) are systems in which the annual production dynamics of freshwater and/or coastal ecosystems contribute significantly to total household income.
The focus of this paper is on the governance of small-scale or municipal fisheries in the Philippines in light of the critical role they play in the livelihoods of coastal communities and in the nation as a whole. The information and insights presented in this lessons learned brief derive from the project entitled Strengthening Governance and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries Management in the Philippines: An Ecosystem Approach.
Following a brief description of lake-based hatcheries and nurseries for tilapias, the advantages as compared to land-based systems are discussed, indicating also some of the disadvantages.
These publications, consisting of a Regional State of the Coral Triangle report with six corresponding country-level State of the Coral Triangle reports, identify key issues that decision makers must address if sustainable development of the Coral Triangle’s coastal and marine resources is to be achieved. The Regional State of the Coral Triangle report summarizes each country’s biophysical and socioeconomic characteristics, as well as their institutional framework for governing marine resource use.
A brief account of the USAID funded fish stock assessment collaborative Research Support Program is given, with emphasis on its Philippine module, devoted to empirical analyses, modelling and field studies aimed at improved management of exploited multispecies fish stocks.
A brief account of rice fish culture in the Ifugao Province, northern Luzon, Philippines was presented.
Bais City with its two bays on the southeastern coast of Negros Island is historically the main source of shellfish in Negros Oriental, Philippines. Indigenous oyster species include the large, desirable Crassostrea iredalei (Talaba) and C. malabonensis (Kuko Kabayo) and the small, less desirable C. echinata, C. lugubrius and C. cucullata. Currently the dominant oysters are the smaller less desirable species.
The development of a saline tolerant tilapia strain able to grow fast is of importance in the Philippines, where 240 000 ha of brackish water ponds are available. To this end, founder hybridization between Oreochromis niloticus (with favorable growth traits) and O. mossambicus (with favorable salinity tolerance traits) was performed and followed by backcrossing with O. mossambicus to develop a strain highly tolerant to saline environments. Genetic selection for growth performance was subsequently conducted.
The Brackishwater Aquaculture Development and Training Project, a cooperative effort of the Government of the Philippines, represented by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) under the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), became operational in April 1977. The author was project leader, representing FAO/UNDP until the project was completed in early 1983.