Preservation of genetic diversity in restocking of the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra investigated by allozyme electrophoresis

Population genetics analyses should be considered when releasing hatchery-produced juveniles of the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra when spawners from nonlocal populations are used. In New Caledonia, within-region genetic heterogeneity of H. scabra populations (examined through allozyme electrophoresis of 258 animals) indicated high gene flow between nine sites and F<sub>ST</sub> values dOld_ID not deviate significantly from zero.

Population structure and genetic variability of six bar wrasse (Thallasoma hardwick) in Northern South China revealed by mitochondrial control region sequences

The genetic relationships among northern South China Sea populations of the six bar wrasse (<i>Thallasoma hardwicki</i>) were investigated. Fish collected from the Solomon Islands were used for geographic comparison. In 1998 and 1999, a total of 100 fish were sampled from 6 localities of the northern South China Sea and 3 localities of the Solomon Islands. Genetic variations in DNA sequences were examined from the first hypervariable region (HVR-1) of the mitochondrial control region, as amplified by polymerase chain reaction.

Long-term variability in spat collections of the blacklip oyster (Pinctada margaritifera) in the Solomon Islands.

Temporal variation in abundance of spat of the blacklip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera) was determined over an eight-year period at two slles, Gizo and Noro, in the Western Province of Solomon Islands. Spat were collected by deploying shade mesh substrata at a depth of 3 rn for near-sequential two-month period. Overall, spatfall at the two sites was similar, with summer maximum of 4.9 (Gizo) and 4.7 collector-' (Noro). At both sites, significantly fewer spat were collected in late winter than in summer.

A Japanese fishing joint venture: worker experience and national development in the Solomon Islands.

Development of marine resources, especially tuna, is the key to national development for many newly-independent states of the South Pacific. They have industrialized fishing through joint ventures-collaborations between bost governments and multinational corporations. Based on two years' field research, this report illuminates the first decade (1971-1981) of a tuna fishing joint venture between Taiyo Gyogyo of Tokyo, the largest fishing company in the world, and the Solomon Islands Government.

Coastal Aquaculture Centre.

ICLARM established the Coastal Aquaculture Centre (CAC) to redress this problem by developing ways to enhance the productivity of coral reefs, and by transferring the technologies to communities living on coralline coasts in developing countries throughout the world. The specific aims of the CAC are to develop simple methods for producing and growing selected species of coral reef fish and invertebrates.

Catching and rearing postlarval cleaner shrimp for the aquarium trade: results from a WorldFish Center project in Solomon Islands

Between 1999 and 2003, the WorldFish Center in Solomon Islands conducted research into the feasibility of a new fishery based on the capture and culture of postlarval coral reef fish for the live fish trade. The work was carried out in two phases: a research phase from late 1999 to the end of 2002; and a “finetuning” phase in 2003. Most of the species were of value to the marine aquarium trade, with very few live reef food fish recorded. The most valuable ornamentals were the banded cleaner shrimp, Stenopus species.

Assessment of earthquake and tsunami impact on fisheries dependent coastal communities of western province, Solomon Islands

Almost 90% of rural communities in the Western Province, Solomon Islands are coastal-based (FAO) and heavily dependent on fi sheries resources for their livelihood. On April 2nd, 2007 a large earthquake and tsunami hit the Western Solomon Islands causing varying degrees of damage and disruption to such coastal communities. The WorldFish Center and WWF-Solomon Islands (WWF-SI) carried out a rapid assessment of impacts over a broad set of villages across the affected area.

Abundance and size frequency distributions of invertebrates, and the nature of habitats, prior to declaration of the marine conservation area.

With the assistance of The Nature Conservancy, local fishermen implemented a total closure on fishing of commercially important invertebrates for three years around much of the coastline of two islands within an MCA of 83 km2 at the Arnavon Islands, located between Choiseul and Ysabel Islands, in the north of Solomon Islands. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) and the International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) have organised the monitoring program.

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