Integrated farming systems that involve aquaculture have normally been classified according to their various combinations of farm enterprises; e.g. rice-fish, pig-fish, poultry-fish and multi-component systems with three or more enterprises. Studies on the environmental pros and cons of such systems have been limited. Were aquaculture to be practised more widely, as one of the key components in integrated resources management (IRM) on diversified farms, and across the water catchments upon which they depend, then a broad range of environmental effects, including some positive effects, can be envisaged. This paper summarizes the environmental aspects of a wider role for aquaculture in IRM.
Aquaculture, integrated resources management and the environment.
Pullin, R.S.V. (1998)
Integrated fish farming