Aquaculture: pioneering experience in production of low cost animal protein

The scientific pursuit of aquaculture is a fairly new activity and for many aspects of aquaculture a firm scientific basis is not yet in place. Nevertheless, fish and shellfish farming is an important source of food and a means for producing utilization of some underutilized natural resources. Following a long gestation period dating back to the 1950s, the practices for tropical aquaculture are beginning to be standardized and productioin from aquaculture is increasing rapidly. Pioneering efforts are reviewed briefly and classified with respect to types of farming practices. Present pioneering efforts are the result of technological progress across a broad range of disciplines.


Neal, R.A. (1984)
p. 171-176. In: von Weizsacker, E.U;Swaminathan, M.S.;Lemma, A. New frontiers in technology application: integration of emerging and traditional technologies