Human and institutional capacities for developing and managing genetically improved tilapia in Africa are discussed. Discussions are related particularly to the status of hatcheries, rearing facilities, research and extension services, training in genetic enhancement, and fish transfer in major aquaculture countries in Africa. The leading aquaculture producing countries are Egypt and Nigeria along with nine other countries with some intermediate levels of fish production. The availability of quality fry and fingerlings constitutes a major constraint. Hatcheries constructed to increase fry and fingerlings production are non-functional in almost all countries in Africa, except Egypt. Even if these in frastructures are functional, either the production is low or the production cost is so high that fry produced are not accessible. The lack of government commitment and capacity, low priority for the rural aquaculture and insufficient specialized extension agents are some of the constraints to human capaci ty development. Research and extension, development of methods, tools for improved farming and promotion of their adoption by farmers may be some of the solutions to enhance tilapia culture.
Capacity for conservation of African aquatic biodiversity
Ngoile, M., Sarunday, W. (2004)
Use of genetically improved and alien species for aquaculture and conservation of aquatic biodiversity in Africa