The majority of vulnerability and adaptation scholarship, policies and programs focus exclusively on climate change or global environmental change. Yet, individuals, communities and sectors experience a broad array of multi-scalar and multi-temporal, social, political, economic and environmental changes to which they are vulnerable and must adapt. While extensive theoretical - and increasingly empirical - work suggests the need to explore multiple exposures, a clear conceptual framework which would facilitate analysis of vulnerability and adaptation to multiple interacting socioeconomic and biophysical changes is lacking. This review and synthesis paper aims to fill this gap through presenting a conceptual framework for integrating multiple exposures into vulnerability analysis and adaptation planning.
Communities and change in the anthropocene: understanding social-ecological vulnerability and planning adaptations to multiple interacting exposures
Bennett, N.J., Blythe, J., Tyler, S., Ban, N.C. (2016)
Regional Environmental Change, 16(4): 907-926 [open access]