This contribution briefly reviews the various forms of overfishing, with emphasis on their implications for tropical coastal fisheries, e.g. the coral reef fisheries of the South Pacific. Addressed are : growth overfishing and its relationship to the study of growth and mortality of fish, and of gear characteristics; recruitment overfishing and its links with parental biomasses, as well as "biological" and ecosystem ovefishing. Classical economic overfishing is then defined, along with its younger relative, Malthusian overfishing, which leads to a form of resources destruction not resolvable by interventions solely within the fisheries sector, and requiring alternative, land-based livelihood opportunities.
From growth to Malthusian overfishing: stages of fisheries resources misuse
Pauly, D. (1993)
Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin, South Pacific Commission 3:7–14