Indo-Pacific red tides, 1985-1988.

A summary of recent toxic red tides in the southwestern Pacific region is given, showing that the dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressa remains the major causative organism of paralytic shellfish poisoning and is apparently continuing to spread around the region. Noctiluca scintillans blooms occur in some countries and have been associated with mass mortality of fish. The raphidophyteChattonella (=Hornellia) has been implicated in both fish and shrimp kills. A relationship with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events and some similarities with recent plagues of the crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) are discussed.


Maclean, J.L. (1989)
Mar. Pollut. Bull. 20 (7): 304-310