Marine biodiversity conservation in Malaysia: status, policies and strategies

Malaysia is one of the world's most biologically diverse countries, ranking twelfth worldwide. Most documented works on biodiversity are studies on taxonomy and species abundance. The genetic diversity of marine species and species indicators used for estimating ecosystem health are poorly understood. There is little documentation on the changes in species composition and abundance over time in the varous ecosystems. The protection of the environment and sustainable economic development were given strong emphasis by the Malaysian government dating back to the Third Malaysian Plan (197601980). Malaysia is well endowed with legislations for the protection of her marine biodiversity. This paper highlights the status of marine biodiversity in Malaysia and discusses the various policies and strategies as well as the legislations formulated for biodiversity conservation. The need for certain critical research and management inputs, which may enhance the effectiveness of management decisions for conservation, are also discussed.


Choo, P.S. (2004)
Marine science into the new millennium: new perspectives and challenges