The Myanmar Fishery Partnership (MFP) is a new initiative being established to assist the Myanmar government in strengthening effective collaboration for the sustainable development of Myanmar’s fisheries and aquaculture sector. Four policy briefs have been developed by the Myanmar Fisheries Partnership to help the government address the most challenging issues facing fisheries in Myanmar. The political transition period provides a window of opportunity for the Myanmar government to revitalize the fisheries sector through actions such as recovering fish stocks and habitats, ensuring decent employment and labour conditions, and providing transparency in revenue raising and licensing. Sustained engagement by government agencies has the potential to transform the sector and to allow the fisheries sector to fully contribute to Myanmar’s development. The purpose of this set of briefs is to contribute to the national dialogue and strategic development as the government shapes a new vision for the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. If fisheries are to function in a more sociably equitable way, the status quo is unacceptable. The briefs also provide guidance on the integration of national fisheries obligations into wider regional and international planning processes and frameworks.