Bangladesh Government and non-government organizations have in recent years undertaken research to study ways of optimizing food production from available water resources. This research has resulted in the development of techniques for practicing (i) integrated rice fish farming, either concurrently or in rotation with rice in rainfed, irrigated and deepwater rice ecosystems; and (ii) integrated poultry-fish farming in homestead ponds. The integration of fish culture with rainfed and irrigated rice farming has resulted in increase in fish production and rice yields. Raising poultry (broilers and layers) with fish culture in homestead ponds resulted in fish production levels of 5 to 6 t/ha, in addition to the poultry. Together the benefits of fish and poultry amounted to as much as $6,625/ha. In response to an increasing demand for shrimp in international markets, more farmers in the coastal areas of Bangladesh are rotating shrimp culture with rice farming, and the total area used for shrimp culture expanded. Despite the technical feasibility of integrated rice-fish farming and poultry-fish farming, farmers have been very slow to adopt these farming practices. This paper describes in detail the economic and social constraints, and the policy issues that need to be addressed in order to popularize the adoption of in¬tegrated farming practices.
Social and policy issues involved in adoption of integrated agriculture-aquaculture-livestock production systems in Bangladesh.
Gupta, M.V. (1998)
Integrated fish farming