The Tram Chim Protected Area was recently recognized by the goverment as a national park for the conservation of typical wetland ecosystems in the Dong Thap Muoi area of the Mekong Delta. However, the protection of this national park has been a challenging task. Population in the area has rapidly increased in recent years, a result of the State policies encouraging land reclamation and natural resources exploitation in this area. Many of the local people are poor farmers whose livelihoods are based on rice cultivation and natural resource gathering. The establishment of the national park has allowed vegetation restoration in Tram Chim, and rich and diversified wetland ecosystems have gradually been rehabilitated. In the period 1994-1996, infrastructure for the protected area was improved and since then violations of the protected regulations have been reduced. The National Park Development Plan focuses on biodiversity conservation, eco-tourism development and local farmers' livelihood improvement. To cope with management difficulties in Tram Chim, the report proposes more investment from the Central Goverment as well as international organizations.
Socio-economic situation, management, rational utilization and development potentials of Tram Chim, a wetlands ecosystem conservation national park
Nguyen, C.T. (2003)
Wetlands management in Vietnam: issues and perspectives