World outlook for tilapia farming

Tilapia farming is expanding worldwide with tilapia products becoming widely-traded commodities. This expansion is dynamic and it is difficult to keep up with the latest developments in all producing and importing countries. Statistics published by FAO and others become out-of-date rapidly. Tilapias are currently farmed or under experimentation for farming in at least 75 countries. Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) remains the most popular farmed species. Africa, the home of tilapias, and other developing regions lag far behind Asia in the development of tilapia farming. The evolution of tilapia farming is following a similar course to that of chicken farming, having an emergent corporate sector of medium- or large scale farms and a backyard sector of low input pond and cage farming, and integraton with ricefields and other farming enterprises. This paper examines the status and likely future of tilapia farming worldwide, and includes a survey of tilapia farming in the Philippines as a case study. There are good prospects for expansion of tilapia farming in developing and developed countries to satisfy domestic and export markets, and for the emergence of new technologies in tilapia farming to address consumer preferences.


Pullin, R.S.V., Bimbao, M.A.P., Bimbao, G.B. (1994)
Paper presented at the First International Symposium on Aquaculture, 9-11 Jun 1994, Boca de Rio, Vera Cruz, Mexico