The WorldFish mission is to strengthen livelihoods and enhance food and nutrition security by improving fisheries and aquaculture. WorldFish pursues this mission through research and development partnerships focused on helping those who stand to benefit the most: poor producers and consumers, women and children. Recognizing the actual and potential importance of fish to the people of Nigeria, WorldFish partnered with a wide range of stakeholders--state agencies, civil society, communities and the private sector--to conduct a scoping study and value chain analysis to better understand the fish agri-food system in Nigeria, and how fisheries and aquaculture could be used to improve food and nutrition security, youth employment and the livelihoods and income of the poor. The two studies were presented during a stakeholder consultation held in Abuja on 20-21 March 2018. The studies, consultation and agreed next steps influenced the preparation of this WorldFish Nigeria Strategy 2018-2022 report. It highlights key findings from the process, a vision and strategic direction for a future partnership with Nigeria, with the aim of pursuing a research and development agenda to enhance the potential and increase the development impact of fish, fisheries and aquaculture in Nigeria.