Fish is one of the most important sources of animal protein and micronutrients in Myanmar with average consumption levels estimated between 21 to over 51kg/person/yr. However, with significant levels of malnutrition in the country, these figures are likely to hide a large diversity of consumption patterns.
The fisheries sector in Myanmar provides employment to 3.2 million people (800,000 full- time and 2.4 million part-time).
Inland and marine fisheries make up nearly 80% of Myanmar’s fish production, at 4.1 million tonnes, and remain a key contributor to the national fish supply. Aquaculture has grown significantly in the past decade, and has now reached 22% of annual fish production, 950,000 tonnes in 2015, according to government statistics reported to FAO. Aquaculture’s contribution to total fish consumption remains low at 20% compared to neigbouring Thailand (80%) and Bangladesh (55%), indicating the relative importance of capture fisheries, and likely potential for future growth of aquaculture.