Fisheries have long been an important part of the economy and cultural heritage in landlocked Zambia, which has 20% of its land covered by water. In total, about 45% of the water resources in southern Africa are found in Zambia, with the country playing a key role in fish trade in the region.
The country’s total fish production is around 100,000 metric tons, of which around 80,000 metric tons comes from fisheries. The aquaculture sector, which is still in its infancy, contributes the remaining 20 percent.
Fish consumption is low at 5.9 kg/person/year. The major cause of low consumption is lack of production, not that what is being produced is being exported, hence the need for increased efforts to farm fish. Around 577,000 people directly depend on fish resources in Zambia, with 63,472 people working as fishers.