A win-win approach: Integrating fish into rice systems in Myanmar

This infographic is an overview of integrating fish into rice systems in Myanmar with the objective of increasing agricultural productivity and reducing malnutrition in the country. In Myanmar, integrating fish into irrigation systems and land use reforms are needed to achieve sustainable, nutritious food production that benefits rural livelihoods and the environment.

Integrating fish into irrigation infrastructure projects in Myanmar: rice-fish what if…?

With rapidly increasing investment in water control infrastructure (WCI) and a recently ratified agriculture development strategy that promotes integrated farming of high-value products such as fish, agricultural production, already fundamental to Myanmar’s economy, will be central to driving the countries’ socioeconomic transformation. Water planners and managers have a unique opportunity to design and manage WCI to incorporate fish and, in so doing, reduce conflicts and optimise the benefits to both people and the ecosystem services upon which they depend.

Migratory fishes in Myanmar rivers and wetlands: challenges for sustainable development between irrigation water control infrastructure and sustainable inland capture fisheries

Irrigated agriculture and maintaining inland capture fisheries are both essential for food and nutrition security in Myanmar. However, irrigated agriculture through water control infrastructure, such as sluices or barrages, weirs and regulators, creates physical barriers that block migration routes of important fish species.

Assessment of existing and potential feed resources for improving aquaculture production in selected Asian and African countries

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of existing and potential feed resources for improving aquaculture productivity in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Egypt, Nigeria and Zambia. These countries depend heavily on imports for their supply of quality feed ingredients.

Participatory rural appraisal: Vulnerability study of Ayeyarwady delta fishing communities in Myanmar and social protection opportunities

This study seeks to inform fisheries management and social protection processes of the key vulnerability issues faced by fishers at five pilot sites selected for fisheries co-management within the research programme of the Myanmar Department of Fisheries, WorldFish and FAO on an Centre for International Agricultural Research(ACIAR) funded project. The PRA-V study also explored gender vulnerability aspects, focusing on female-headed households and individual women from fisher households.

Building capacity, coordination and communication for collective action on small-scale fisheries

In developing countries, small-scale fisheries (SSF) are a vital source of food, nutrition and income. But pressures from within and external to SSFsuch as overharvesting, infrastructure development and inadequate policy recognitionthreaten their sustainability and equitable distribution of benefits. In response, this project aims to create enabling environments for recent policies and investments in SSF to affect development outcomes. This is by: (1) building capacity and collective action to improve SSF governance; (2) raising the profile of SSF to inform policy and investment decisions; and (3) building an MEL framework to fit SSF programs of work to track outcome and governance benchmarks.

Carrots and sticks: Incentives to conserve Hilsa fish in Myanmar

The objective of this project is to design a cost-effective, scientifically researched and participatory “incentive-based” hilsa fishery management mechanism for Myanmar. The project will employ the ecosystem-based approach (EbA) in its information gathering, analysis, and decision-making and management objectives.


  1. Understanding the biology and ecology of the hilsa fishery to determine a no-take season and zone for hilsa fishing.
  2. Understanding the complex socioeconomics of hilsa fishing: conduct a large-scale household questionnaire survey to map livelihood options in fisher communities affected by fishing restrictions and determine the level of incentive packages required to offset the short-term cost (opportunity cost) of abiding by fishing regulations.
  3. Making a business case for investment in hilsa management: to make a compelling business case as to why the government and the private sector should make sufficient investments to restore the fishery, we will estimate the economic value of the hilsa fishery.
  4. Developing a sustainable financing mechanism: to ensure fishers do not return to unsustainable practices.
  5. Transboundary learning: hilsa is a resource shared between Myanmar and Bangladesh, making transboundary learning and cooperation crucial.


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