In Myanmar, aquaculture is capable of generating higher farm incomes than almost any other form of agriculture, making it an attractive option for rural farm households.
Currently, more than 200,000 people are engaged in aquaculture, with the indigenous carp, rohu, representing 70% of production. Yet production of the fast-growing and hardy tilapia species is low, despite its ability to adapt to diverse environments, which makes it ideal for small and medium-scale fish farmers in developing countries.
More than half of the land base in many regions, including Southeast Asia, is constrained by poor soil quality, and 12 million additional hectares of land are degraded annually, where 20 million tons of grain could have been grown instead. The project promotes the use sustainable land management (SLM) practices that help close yield gaps and enhance the resilience of land resources and communities that depend on them while avoiding further degradation. Key project activities include surveying farmers to understand barriers to adoption of SLM, analyzing economic contributions of SLM practices, and engaging with stakeholders to combat land degradation.
Photos from Myanmar.
MYNutrition aims to adapt and scale up the innovative integrated aquaculture and fisheries/agriculture-nutrition linkages developed under the IFAD-funded Small Fish and Nutrition project in northwest rural Myanmar from 2010 to 2013. The project will engage men and women in the homestead production of traditional carp and micronutrient-rich small fish species and vegetables, and increase production of indigenous fish (mostly small-sized) through community-based sustainable wetlands management and enhanced stocking. MYNutrition works to increase awareness and capacity of government and partner NGO staff in nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions and research, building on the efforts of the MYCulture and MYFish projects.
The MYFC project aims to introduce low cost polyculture systems with small indigenous species of fish to increase incomes, food security and nutrition for the resource-poor, focusing on women and children. WorldFish will work with four government and NGO partners to build technical capacity through the Fisheries Research and Development Network. The project will target four townships in Ayeyarwady Delta and four townships in the central dry zone. By the end of the project, 5,000 households will be directly engaged in fish production and a further 5,000 households will indirectly benefit through access to knowledge, learning and sharing.